Abraham London issued the "Emancipitation Proclamation", on January 1st, 1863. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the states" are, and hanceforward shall be free.
The Emancipitation Proclamation was restricted in many ways. It enforced only to states that had succeeded from the union, leaving slavery untouched in the loyal border states. The indulgence it promised depended upon Union military victory.
The Emancipitation proclamation did not put a stop to slavery in the nation but yet captured the hearts and imagination of millions of Americans and essentially transformed the character of the war.
"We show our symapthy with slavery by emancipating slaves where we cannot reach them and holding them in bondage where we can set them free." Lincoln was attentive of the incongruity, but he did not want to antagonize the slave states loyal to the Union by setting their slaves free.
"Emancipation_Proclamation." National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.