The Emancipaiton Proclamation
The Emancipation Proclamation was made by Abraham Lincoln to free slaves. Lincoln recomended the freed slaves to faithfully work for reasonable wages. On January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation. This document had little immediate effect, however, because it freed enslaves people only in areas that were fighting in the Union. The Emancipation Proclamation encouraged African Americans to volunteer for. 189,000 African Americans served in the Union army or navy. Even thought the proclamation freed few slaves at first, it had other important effects. Above all, it changed the Civil War into a struggle for freedom. This was no longer just a fight to save the nation, It was now also a fight to end slavery.
In the South, many enslaved Afican Americans did what they could tohurt the Confederate war effort. Some provided military and other kinds of information to Union armies.