What is high cholesterol?
It is the presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Cholesterol is a sterol, a type of fat. Cholesterol is oil-based, which is why it does not mix with our blood. If you have high cholesterol, you have a higher chance of having a heart attack and/or stroke. An average person should have approximately less than 200 mg of cholesterol a day.
Your chances of getting a high cholesterol increase as you get older. Men over 45 and woman over 55 are most at risk. Also, men are more likely than woman to have a high cholesterol (Nicole Nichols, 2013). Another way to determine if you are going to high cholesterol is from your family history.
Where and Why it Exists:
Cholesterol comes from excess fat from the body. This nutritional illness takes place near the heart and could seriously cause damage to your blood and body if you don't stay healthy. It exists because of the extra trans and saturated fat people eat and it does not mix with the blood around your heart. (WebMD, 2012)
How to Prevent High Cholesterol:
1. Maintain A Healthy Weight
You can do this by eating healthy and getting the right amount of nutrients your body needs. This doesn't mean you should not eat any junk/fat foods at all, but try your best to avoid them and have a good diet. The less trans and saturated fat, the better. As for dieting, eat anything low in salt, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc.(Healthline Editorial Team, 2010)
2. Be Active
It is recommended to get at least 30 minutes of exercise a day. (Healthline Editorial Team, 2010)
3. Do Not Smoke
Smoking damages your good cholesterol levels. Quitting can stop the damage in your body and maintain a good cholesterol.
4. Keep Alcohol Consumption at a Minimun
In more detail, here is a short video about the prevention of high cholesterol and the symptoms that come along with it.
Medication, such as...
If your cholesterol is still high after changing your lifestyle by having a healthy diet, these medications are given. Here is Dr. Brian P. Kessler giving more information about the medication given to those with high cholesterol.
To sum up my findings, the two main nutrients that increase your chance of having high cholesterol is saturated and trans fat. It is not too hard to lower your cholesterol, if not medication is an option. If you have high cholesterol, you need to make and effort to change your lifestyle so that you can live a long healthy life.
For further questions, please feel free to leave a comment below and I will try my best to help those of you dealing with high cholesterol!