Hitler: the Most Feared Dictator Of the 20th Century
Table of Contents
Intro Who Was Hitler? Hitler's Hatred The Beginning: Hitler As A Child Young Hitler A Few Bumps In The Road Back to Vienna Root of Hatred World War I The Birth of The Nazis Party Birth Of The Nazis Timeline Eva Braun World War II Begins The Death of Adolf Hitler Sources
Hi! I'm Samantha. I have created this sight for my English class at Holman Middle School. I learned so much putting this together and hope you do to! Even though I view Hitler as one of the most evil men to walk this earth, it's good to learn about him because he had a big impact on the entire world. He was the cause of World War 2, after his invasion of Poland, everything was chaotic. What caused Adolf Hitler to be the cause of over 50 million deaths? What caused him to want to kill and torture Jews? What caused Hitler to be so evil? This page will answer those questions and more.
Who Was Hitler?
Hitler was an evil man who was the cause of over 50 million deaths. That’s how must people see him. But he also had good in him. He cared about his mother and only her while she was going through breast cancer. He cared so much for his country Germany, yet tried to get rid of the Jews. Hitler didn't view his acts as wrong. He thought he was doing the right thing, that the Jews were the bad, that he was doing the right thing. Maybe it wasn't Hitler and his evil soul murdering Jews left and right. In his eyes though, it was what’s right.
- Hitler hated the Jews. That is a well-known fact to many, but why did he have such a severe hatred of them? Hitler thought that the Jews were bad influences to people economically, socially, and politically. Before he formed the Nazis, Hitler had fought in WWI for Germany. During the war, Hitler got pierced in the leg with a shell attack where he was stationed. He was forced to go to a military hospital. Once healed, he got a pass to go to Germany’s capital. When he got there, everyone was gloomy. Hitler blamed the Jews for this. He also blamed the Jews when Germany lost the war. Although none of his assumptions were true about the Jews, he thought they were, and once he convinced many others that it was true, it lead to the death of millions of Jews.
The Beginning: Hitler as a Child
Hitler as a baby.
Hitler was born in Austria on April 20th, 1889, in the town of Braunau, right at the border of Germany and Austria. His father was Alois Hitler and mother was Klara Hitler. Adolf was their fourth child. Alois was an Austrian custom official and Klara was a former housemaid. Klara was extremely fond of Adolf. Hitler enjoyed playing cops and robbers with his friends. His father wanted him to be a Austrian civil servant, but that bored young Hitler. He admired Germany. But what Adolf really wanted was to become an artist, but he could imagine what his father would have said to that. Though he wasn't the best student in primary school. For secondary school, Adolf wanted to go to Gymnasium, a school that stresses language and literature. His father wanted him to go to Realschule, a school that stresses scientific and technical studies. Hitler went to Realschule, learning that it had classes in drawing.
The map above shows Braunau, Austria, where Hitler was born.
Hitler in Realschule.
Hitler did well in some of his classes, though not as well in others. He thought that after his father saw his bad grades, he would let Adolf follow his desire of being an artist. Though during this time, his father died. On January 3, 1903 at a local inn while having his morning glass of wine he collapsed. After that, Hitler continued his studies at Realschule. He continued to live with his mother. One day, at a opera, Hitler met August Kubizek, who was to be a good friend of Adolf. August had a dream of music. He had already accomplished the violin, viola, and trumpet and was studying music theory. August admired his friend’s way with words. The two would attend operas together. One night after an opera, although quiet, August dared to ask Hitler if he worked. Hitler responded said he had no time for some "bread-and-butter job". Hitler neither talked of girls much. In the spring of 1906, Klara Hitler funded for Adolf to go to Vienna. He was impressed with Vienna's buildings and palaces. When he returned home to Linz, he was even more determined to dedicate himself to art and architecture. Though soon after, tragedy hit. In January of 1907, Klara Hitler was diagnosed with breast cancer. An operation would help, though it broke Hitler to receive the news. The family risked the operation, and Klara recovered.
Alois Hitler, Adolf Hitler's Father.
A Few Bumps In The Road
Klara Hitler, Adolf Hitler's Mother.
By 18, Hitler hadn't worked at all yet. Several relatives recommended different jobs, though he still was certain he would be a great artist someday. One day he got his mother to fund for him to move to Vienna. He wanted to go to Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. On the day of examination, he went to the academy to try out as well as 112 people had done as well. 33 were rejected, but Hitler stayed for a more challenging second test, of which only 28 passed. Hitler though was not one of them. The judges had said his drawing was "unsatisfactory". Hitler was ashamed of himself and pondered on how he could tell everyone back home that he had failed, especially after all the boasting he had done on how he would be a great artist? So instead of admitting his flaw, he stayed in Vienna and told no one of it. To add to Hitler’s pile of worries and troubles, his mother was yet again diagnosed with breast cancer, and was worsening. Hurrying home, Hitler devoted himself to nothing but his mother. Everyone was astonished. He was only for his mother. Though he could not save her. On December 21, 1907, Klara Hitler passed. Hitler had loved his mother, and wondered what to do next after hi rejection and loss.
Back To Vienna
After settling his mother's estate, Hitler returned to Vienna and persuaded August to come with. During this time the two friends attended many operas and awed at the city. In the summer of 1908, Hitler retried for the Academy of Fine Arts, though this time, he didn't even make it to the second part of the test. It was more crushed than before, but didn't continue to dwell on it. Still not working, Hitler was running out of money and only taking in an "orphan's pension" was forced to move into smaller and smaller rooms. Finally he couldn't afford anything but the streets. When it started getting cold, he found a shelter and was assigned a bed there. He was happy to bathe and have a clean bed. There he met Reinhold Hanisch and they became friends. Hitler said to Reinhold that he was an artist but had to sell all of his materials. He persuaded Adolf to get a loan from his family to get more supplies. Once Hitler had his materials, he painted post-cards of scenes in Vienna and Hanisch sold them. Hitler and Hanisch moved to a comfier men's hostel that had a common room where Hitler could paint.
Postcard Hitler Painted
Hanisch and Hitler continued their partnership until Hitler felt that Hanisch was pushing too hard and rebelled, breaking their partnership. Adolf continued to sell paintings, although he did make as much, most of them sold.
Root Of Hatred
It was around this time that Hitler's hatred of the Jews began to form its roots. He noticed their evil influences on the city's politics, economics and culture. He did not show his feelings about the Jews then though because at the time, Hitler was friends with several Jews, some of whom he had nothing but praise. In April of 1930, Adolf received his share of his father’s estate. He couldn't claim it until he was 24. With that money, he decided to move to Germany. So he rented a room in Munich. Once there he started painting street scenes yet again. He was awed by Munich's architecture and art museums. He claims in his autobiography that he was happier than he had ever been.
World War I
Hitler (located on the left-side, the one furthest left) In World War One.
War broke out between Austria and Serbia on July 28, 1914. Russia came to Serbia's side and Germany went up against Russia. Hitler was thrilled to here that Austria had taken sides with Germany, his newly adopted country. Then, on August 3rd, Hitler asked to be a part of the Bavarian Army. He was given permission to join. Days later, Hitler was wearing his uniform. Adolf was pleased that he would be provided a shelter and food without having to hang over his quarries of income from paintings. But what overjoyed him was that he would defend the country he had dreamed of since he was a boy. Once there, he was assigned a unit on the front line. Hitler was made a dispatch carrier, risking his life on several occasions. For his bravery, he was rewarded an Iron cross and Second Class. The others admired Adolf, though also found him strange. He didn’t like girls, drink, and smoke and didn't seem to care for no one but Fuchsl, a stray white terrier he had taken in. One day there was a shell explosion, and shard pierced his thigh. Although he wanted to stay, the lieutenant said he had to go to a military hospital in Germany near the city of Berlin. Once healed, Hitler got a pass to visit the capital of Germany for the weekend. Once there, Adolf was shocked, the city was clouded with gloom. He was infuriated when he heard people saying how they dodged joining the military. People would speak in parks saying how Germany was bound to lose. Seeking for an answer for the gloom, Hitler though he found the answer. Hitler thought that the Jews were the cause of the depression. Many clerks were Jews. Though his guess was inaccurate, many Jews were in the German army. Hitler rejoined his old regiment. In 1917 the United States joined the war. One day, a gas explosion hit where Hitler was stationed, killing some. Adolf was temporarily blinded, and Germany had lost the war.
Birth Of The Nazi Party
The Nazis Symbol.
The war over, Hitler lay blinded in a bed. Because he could not read the paper, he didn't know the chaos going on in the outside world. One day a pastor came and told all the patients what happened. Once Hitler found out that Germany lost, he was in distraught. All of the fighting was in vain. Adolf hadn't wept since his mother’s death, but now, he wept again. He had supported the German government, and now it had vanished. He felt betrayed. Then Hitler made a decision that would change his life......millions of lives. It in fact, would change the world. He decided to go into politics. By the end of November, Hitler could see once again. Hitler was told to go back to his military station in Munich, from there he was stationed at a prisoner-of-war camp. Then, in February, the camp was shut down. The military decided that if there were any later attempts to take over the government, some of them should be instructors who knew the army well. Hitler was chosen to be one of those instructors, and fully dedicated himself to his classes in politics and economics. Once he graduated in August, he was assigned to teach a five-day course to returning prisoner-of-war German soldiers. He taught with lectures. Onlookers were awed at his power of speech saying he had the power to have an audience think the way he did. Hitler was a people's speaker. This led to more speaking assignments. He helped form the German Worker's Party, bringing it from few to thousands. Hitler's speeches also were directed to the Jews, saying that they were enemies of Germany. After his speech, he would ask the people if they agreed. Nearly all would agree, but a few wouldn't. Hitler’s comrades would remove them the crowd, using force if they resisted. In March of 1920, Hitler was removed from the army. He had done much in the six years he was in the army. He continued giving speeches, making the German Worker's Party. Soon the name was changed to the Nazi Party. By 1921, the party had nearly 3,000 people. Hitler soon requested to lead the party, having full control. His request was granted.
Birth of Nazis Timeline
1919-Hitler goes into politics and discovers his power of speech.
1920-Hitler is removed from military and starts giving speeches for Nazis Party.
1921-Hitler becomes leader of Nazis.
1923-Nazis get into open fire police, Hitler is arrested.
1925-Hitler regains Nazis Party.
A series of events led to Hitler leading the Nazis. In 1919, Hitler decides he wants to go into politics, and learns that he has the power to persuade crowds. In 1920, he is removed from the military and then he starts giving speeches to expand the Nazis Party. In 1921, Adolf asks to become head of the Nazis Party, and his request is granted. Though in 1923, the Nazis get in open fire with the police, Hitler escapes, though is caught and sent to jail. In 1925, He regains the Nazis.
Although Hitler had said he would never get married, one day, Eva Braun caught his eye. It was October of 1929, while Eva was reaching for some files on a high shelf on a ladder for Heinrich Hoffman. She was his assistant. Hitler continued to compliment her and offered to drive her home. She kindly said no, thinking of how her father would have reacted. She didn't realize who it was until afterwards her boss told her who he was. On April 29th, 1945, she and Hitler get married.
World War II Begins
On September first, 1939, Germany attacked Poland. Though because France and England signed a treaty with Poland, England on September third said that if Hitler didn't remove his troops from Poland by eleven am that morning, they would attack. Thinking that they were bluffing, Hitler continued the attack. So, on September third, England declared war on Germany. Shortly after, France too joined Poland and France. On September 27th, Poland surrendered Warsaw, the part of Poland Germany was fighting for. There, he made concentration camps for the Jews, shipping Jews from Germany to Poland. Soon after he took over Norway and Denmark. Then Hitler went to attack Belgium and Holland taking over the two countries. After that, Hitler attacked France and England. Italy soon on joined Germany, and the French were defeated. Hitler didn't want to conquer England, but make peace with them. They refused, though didn't attack. The United States provided England with war supplies such as ships and planes. In August of 1940, Hitler commanded the military to have an air attack. Though England lost much less planes than Germany. On September 17, Hitler realized that the air attack had failed. Hitler later on made the pact with Japan and Italy firmer. Hitler planned on attacking the Soviet Union, though before he could, Italy attacked Greece, and Greece was putting up a really good fight, also, England helped Greece. Hitler had no other option but to help the Italians. Though first, he had to fight Yugoslavia, which was in between the Germans and Greece. On April 17th, Yugoslavia surrendered, along with Greece six days later. Then, on June 22nd, Germany attacked the Soviet Union. The British said that they would give Russia all the help they could. Soon, Germany had more deaths from the cold than from fighting. But on December seventh, 1941, Hitler heard that Japan had bombed U.S. Pearl Harbor. But because the U.S. were allied with Great Britain and the Soviet Union, the Germans would have to go up against all three. Hitler wanted to stay by Japan's side, so Germany raged war against the United States. A general of the German army said that they should withdraw and that supplies were limited. Though Hitler would hear none of it. Hitler killed many Jews along the way. On January 31, German troops began to surrender to the Soviet Union without command and Hitler couldn't do anything about it. Hitler and his allies were losing. Hitler would still blame some of it on Jews though. War continued and the situation got worse and worse for Hitler. Still though, he did not give up. Hitler soon retreated to a bunker. On his 56th birthday he came up and greeted several teenagers who had bravely defended Berlin. That would be the last time he would come out of his bunker alive.
The Death of Adolf Hitler
On April 29th, 1945, Hitler and Eva Braun married, though they wouldn't be together for long. On April 30th, 1945 Eva Braun swallowed a cyanide pill, a pill used to commit suicide. Hitler was found next to Eva in their bunker with a gunshot in his right temple. Both laid dead next to each other. Adolf Hitler and his spouse Eva Braun committed suicide. After that, Germany had lost the war and World War II was over.
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Giblin, James. The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler. New York: Clarion, 2002. Print.
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