The War of Roses

By Taylor Quiring

1. The War of Roses took place from 1455 to 1485 between the House of the Lancaster and the House of York.

2. Battles Fought: First St. Albans, Blore Heath, Ludford Bridge, Northhampton, Wakefield, Mortimor's Cross, Second St. Albans, Ferrybridge, Towton, Hedgeley Moor, Hexham, Edgecote Moor, Losecote Field, Barnet, Tewkesbury, Bosworth, and Stoke.

3. The Yorkist won 11 of the battles, and the Lancastrian won 4 of the battles.  

4. For 32 years, they fought for the English throne.

5. The House of York and the house of Lancaster both descended from Edward III.

6. The Battle of Bosworth is one of the most important battles in English history because it led to the War of the Roses.

7.The 30 years of warfare were even more destructive to England than the Hundred Years War had been in the previous century.

8. It started when Richard, Duke of York challenged the current king's right to the throne.

9. In Renaissance literature, writers linked the House of York with a white rose and the House of Lancaster with a red rose.

10. The final victory went to Henry Tudor, a Lancastrian claimant. He defeated the last Yorkist king, Richard III, at the Battle of Bosworth Field.

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