How Did He Rise To Power
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was a revolutionary who helped establish the Republic of Turkey. He was Turkey's first president, and his reforms modernized the country.
As a young man, Mustafa Kemal became a member of the Young Turks, a revolutionary movement of intellectuals. He participated in the Young Turk Revolution of July 1908, which successfully deposed Sultan Abdülhamid II. From 1909 to 1918, Mustafa Kemal held a number of posts in the Ottoman army.
He fought against Italy in the Balkan Wars from 1911 to 1912, and in the second Balkan War he became chief of staff before being posted at the Turkish embassy in Bulgaria. He made a name for himself as the commander of the 19th Division, where his bravery and strategic prowess helped thwart the Allied invasion of the Dardanelles in 1915, and received repeated promotions until the Armistice of Mudros ended the fighting in 1918.....
.....The Great National Assembly—the new Turkish parliament—engaged in a series of battles with Greek and Armenian forces until Mustafa signed the Treaty of Lausanne on October 29, 1923. This established the Republic of Turkey, and Mustafa Kemal became the country’s first president.
Style of Government
Turkey has a Republican Government that was built by Kemal Ataturk.
Ataturk wanted to modernize his people and made sure of this by introducing reforms, in 1924-1938, which he considered a vital importance for the salvation of his people .
Here he gave the right to women to vote, declared the state secular, and strongly encouraged western clothing for men and women. He also adopted a Western calendar.