The Big Picture: the Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in the late 1700s, manufacturing was often done in people’s homes, using hand tools or basic machines. Industrialization marked a shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production. The iron and textile industries, along with the development of the steam engine, played central roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved systems of transportation, communication and banking. While industrialization brought about an increased volume and variety of manufactured goods and an improved standard of living for some, it also resulted in often grim employment and living conditions for the poor and working classes. source

Themes: The Industrial Revolution Begins

1. Continuity and Change: How did the Industrial Revolution transform traditional ways of life

2. Economics and Technology: What roles did capital and technology play in the Industrial Revolution?

3. Impact of the Individual: How did the individual contributions shape the industrial age?

4.  Political and Social Systems: Why did new social and political philosophies develop during the industrial age?

Hypothesizing: During the 1700's, the Industrial Revolution transformed the world. How do you think this revolution affected the size of the population, cities, working and living conditions, women and children?

As You Read... On an upcoming quiz you will be asked to answer the following question, "What new ideas about business and technology emerged from the Industrial Revolution?" Throughout the next chapter, look for information that will help you to support your answer.