Holocaust- the state-sponsored, systematic persecution and annihilation of European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaborators, between 1933 and 1945.
The Harsh Conditions of the Concentration Camps
During the years of 1933-1939, many prisoners taken in by the Germans were forced into camps. These camps were called Concentration Camps. "Concentration camps are camps in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy" (Concentration Camps, Holocaust Encyclopedia). The camps were first put into order when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany. These camps were organized by the Storm Troopers, the elite guard of the Nazi Party, and the local police. At the beginning of World War II, there was a need for more Concentration Camps because the Germans were gaining many enemies. Prisoners in these camps were forced to work for the Germans.
The American's Response to the "Final Solution"
During the second World War, the main goals of the United States was not to save the mass numbers of imprisoned Jews. In 1940, the United States passed an act in which the officials were on high watch for spies or any type of threat that could enter the country. During the year of 1941, 45% of immigrants that moved to the U.S., were Jews. In August of 1942, the State Department got a report saying that the Germans were planning to annihilate the Jewish people of England. This report, however, did not get sent to the right person because the State Department thought that it was just some joke and put the message aside. 3 months later, the message was confirmed and the U.S. told the public about this report. In December of the same year, many countries came together to warm Germany that they will be responsible for any action against the Jews. During the Holocaust, many U.S. magazines would deemphasize the amount of murdered Jews, but the magazine would put more specific details in the middle of the magazine making the information seem not as important.
A Restless Nation Brought Back Together
In 1919 to 1932, Germany was in political unrest. This period in Germany was known as the Weimar Republic. Before this time period, the Nazi Party was a small-nobody team, but when the Weimar Republic Period started, the German people needed something new. The Nazi's leader, Adolf Hitler, was a very persuasive man. He convinced most of Germany that if he became leader, than Germany would be put out of this period of time, and start a new age. An age of "peace", power, and world power. He told everybody that he was not attacking for no reason, but he was trying to stop the spread of Communism and that if they do not attack now, that they will be the next victims.