#EcoFlow               Title: eco

Desert Ecosystem: Desert ecosystems are located in regions that receive an annual rainfall less than 25. They occupy about 17 percent of all the land on our planet. Due to the extremely high temperature, low water availability and intense sunlight, fauna and flora are scarce and poorly developed. The vegetation is mainly shrubs, bushes, few grasses and rare trees. The stems and leaves of the plants are modified in order to conserve water as much as possible. The best known desert ones are the succulents such as the spiny leaved cacti. The animal organisms include insects, birds, camels, reptiles all of which are adapted to the desert (xeric) conditions.

Grass Ecosystem: Grasslands are located in both the tropical and temperate regions of the world though the ecosystems vary slightly. The area mainly comprises grasses with a little number of trees and shrubs. The main vegetation includes grasses, plants and legumes that belong to the composite family. A lot of grazing animals, insectivores and herbivores inhabit the grasslands.

Aquatic Ecosystem: The aquatic ecosystem is the ecosystem found in a body of water. It encompasses aquatic flora, fauna and water properties, as well. There are two main types of aquatic ecosystem - Marine and Freshwater.

Forest Ecosystem: They are the ecosystems in which an abundance of flora, or plants, is seen so they have a big number of organisms which live in relatively small space. Therefore, in forest ecosystems the density of living organisms is quite high. A small change in this ecosystem could affect the whole balance, effectively bringing down the whole ecosystem. You could see a fantastic diversity in the fauna of the ecosystems, too.

Freshwater Ecosystem: Contrary to the Marine ecosystems, the freshwater ecosystem covers only 0.8% of Earth's surface and contains 0.009% of the total water.

1. When plants and animals die they become food for decomposers for things like bacteria or fungi.

2. A consumer is something that consumes on on plants or animals.

3. An ecosystem is where a community of organisms interact with each other.

4.  Producer: is an organism, either a green plant or bacterium, which is part of the first level of a food chain. This 'a'ali'i plant is a producer. It has green leaves enable the plant to take energy from the sun and makes its own food.

5. Food chain: A food chain is linear squence of links in a food web starting from "producer" species (such as grass or trees) and ending at apex predator "decomposer" species (like grizzly bears or killer whales).

6. Biotic: Are the living parts of an ecosystem---the animals, plants and microorganisms.

7. Abiotic: are the non living parts of an ecosystem.

8. Adaptation: Something that adapts to something.

Examples of biotic: Biotic factors are turtlehead flowers, water, trees, butterflires, competition, bacteria, carrying capacity, plaintain, ash, and the false foxglove.

Examples of abiotic: Abiotic factors are sunlight, air, climate, soil, water, rocks, and temperature.

12. All the energy comes from the sun.

13. The arrows represent the primary consumer, secondary consumer, etc.

14. It can ruin the whole cycle, and some species wont get energy.

15. Wetlands have important filtering capabilities for intercepting surface- water runoff from higher dry land before the runoff reaches open water. As the runoff water passes through, the wetlands retain excess nutrients and some pollutants, and reduce sediment that would clog waterways and affect fish and amphibian egg development.

16. Wetlands function as natural sponges that trap and slowly release surface water, rain, snowmelt, groundwater and flood waters.

17. The ability of wetlands to control erosion is so valuable that some states are restoring wetlands in coastal areas to buffer the storm surges from hurricanes and tropical storms. Wetlands at the margins of lakes, rivers, bays, and the ocean protect shorelines and stream banks against erosion. Wetland plants hold the soil in place with their roots, absorb the energy of waves, and break up the flow of stream or river currents.

18. The wetlands are used for homes and breeding grounds for animals that are in the wetlands.

19. The benifits are the wetlands are they are like homes for animals and help the water quality.