Glossary

Figurative Language:

Metaphor: describes one thing as if it were something else

Personification: gives human qualities to something that is not human

Simile: use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things

Symbol: anything that represents something else

Sound Devices:

Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

Assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables

Consonance: the repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables

Meter: the rhythmical pattern in a poem

Onomatopoeia: the use of words that imitate sounds

Repetition: the use of any element of language-a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence-more than once.

Rhyme: the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

Forms of Poetry:

Ballads are songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.

Concrete poems are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page

Free Verse poetry is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.

Haiku is a three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.

Limericks are humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.

Lyric poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.

Narrative poetry tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.

Rhyming Couplets are pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.

Other words:

aromatic: having a pleasant and distinctive smell

binge: a short period devoted to indulging in an activity

bumbershoot: an umbrella

cloisters: a convent or monastery

cringe: bend one's head and body in fear or in a servile manner

complexion: the natural color, texture, and appearance of a person's skin, esp. of the face

declines: become smaller, fewer, or less; decrease

feigning: pretend to be affected by

freckling: cover or become covered with freckles

frizzled: fry or grill with a sizzling noise

ingratitude: a discreditable lack of gradtitude

shilling: a former British coin

smirkle: to take without right or permission

telegram: a message sent by a telegraph and then delivered in written or printed form

warp: become or cause to become bent or twisted out of shape as a result of the effects of heat or dampness