Metaphor: describes one thing as if it were something else
Personification: gives human qualities to something that is not human
Simile: use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things
Symbol: anything that represents something else
Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables
Consonance: the repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables
Meter: the rhythmical pattern in a poem
Onomatopoeia: the use of words that imitate sounds
Repetition: the use of any element of language-a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence-more than once.
Rhyme: the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
Forms of Poetry:
Ballads are songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.
Concrete poems are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page
Free Verse poetry is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.
Haiku is a three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.
Limericks are humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.
Lyric poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.
Narrative poetry tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.
Rhyming Couplets are pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.
aromatic: having a pleasant and distinctive smell
binge: a short period devoted to indulging in an activity
bumbershoot: an umbrella
cloisters: a convent or monastery
cringe: bend one's head and body in fear or in a servile manner
complexion: the natural color, texture, and appearance of a person's skin, esp. of the face
declines: become smaller, fewer, or less; decrease
feigning: pretend to be affected by
freckling: cover or become covered with freckles
frizzled: fry or grill with a sizzling noise
ingratitude: a discreditable lack of gradtitude
shilling: a former British coin
smirkle: to take without right or permission
telegram: a message sent by a telegraph and then delivered in written or printed form
warp: become or cause to become bent or twisted out of shape as a result of the effects of heat or dampness