Point: The stars have position but no dimension and they are used to indicate a location to form the constellation.
Line: The vertical, horizontal, diagonal, and curved lines create textures and patterns for this mosaic.
Color: These masks are made up of warm colors which include reds, oranges, and yellows.
Value: The black and white photo displays relative darkness and brightness.
Shape: This photo shows organic shape because it includes natural leaves enclosed by lines and curves.
Form: The African horned melon is a three-dimensional solid.
Space: The cave indicates depth which reduces the visual space.
Texture: The surface look or feel of the monkey's fur is soft.

Principles of Design

Balance: On King Tutankhamun's sculpture, the balance is symmetrical because there's an equal distribution of elements on each side.
Emphasis: In Alim Smith's artwork, the abstract style draws attention to the face of the people which also makes the faces the focal point.
Contrast: The degree of relative difference of the bongo drums include the shape, size, and design structure.
Rhythm: The harmonious use of line, shape, and color create a look of movement.
Proportion: The relative size of the cup, match, comb, and other items are out of proportion in comparison to the room.

Key Terms

Unity: The consistent use of colors and shape unify this design.
Economy: This simple picture shows the bare minimum of elements but still gives an understanding of what it represents.
Ellipse: The cylinder is sliced on an angle which reveals an ellipse cross-section.
Round: The basketball's exterior surfaces are rounded at their intersections which create the spherical shape.
Quadrilateral: The flag of Sudan is a four sided polygon.
Angle: The teal border on the birdhouse creates a right angle which can be measured in degrees or radians.
Prism: The pyramids of Egypt are triangular prisms because their similar, equal, parallel rectilinear figures, and sides that are parallel.

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