Civil Rights Movement

Map of the major Civil Rights movements from the year 1954-1968

a.) Martin Luther King Junior delivered his famous "I have a dream" speech on August 28, 1963. He lead a Civil Rights march Washington for jobs and freedom. The leaders of the civil rights movements organized with almost every city in the U.S. to arranged "Freedom Trains" to all end up in Washington around the same time. These freedom trains were buses and trains full of African American people. Buses and trains full of people were arriving in Washington every 2 minutes. By the time buses stopped coming there was approximately 250,000 people in Washington to protest. They marched through the Mall up to the Lincoln memorial, where King gave his famous speech.

b.) The main people involved were Martin Luther King junior, Odetta, Harry Belafonte, James Farmer, John Lewis, Phillip Randolph, Roy Wilkins, and Whitney Young.

c.) This movement was so important to the civil rights movement because of the sheer numbers that attended this walk. It was the first time a black person got to sing/speak on the stairs too the Lincoln memorial.

a.) African American people sat in restaurants trying to eat but they would not be served because of their race.

b.) The African American people who didn't get served in the restaurants, and the people who ran the restaurants.

c.) Was a peaceful protest unlike the ones today, and it help found the SNCC a group of protesters that protested in 55 cities and 13 states.   

a.) On April 4, 1968 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis Tennessee. James Earl Ray shot and killed Martin Luther King jr. in the jaw while he was standing on the balcony of his motel.

b.) James Earl Ray, Martin Luther King Jr, all of the people affected.

c.) It motivated almost everyone to make the civil rights movement a success. So his death will not be in vain.    

a.) 9 African American students apply to an all white school and they are denied access. So president Eisenhower calls in the National Guard to escort them into the school and then all day in classes.

b.) Eisenhower, the National Guard, Melba Patillo, Elizabeth Ectford, Minnijean Brown, Ernest Green, and five other black kids

c.) It paved the way for black kids to be in white schools. Taught people that race isn't a big deal.

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