The origins of the Aztec are uncertain. Sometime during the 12th century A.D., they began a long migration that brought them to the Valley of Mexico. There they ruled until the Spanish conquest. They were driven to the swamps and islands of Lake Texcoco in 1325, when another people attacked them. For the next 100 years, the Aztec constructed temples, other public buildings, and houses.
Aztec clothing was loose fitting and didn't completely cover the body. It was made of either cotton or ayate fiber.
The military had their own costume based on the group they belonged to, the eagle or the jaguar. Ancient Aztec clothing of the warrior, offered some protection and the headdress was used as a helmet.
Ancient Mexica peoples ate maize. Maize, or corn, was the main grain of the Aztec Empire. Corn could be ground into flour to make tortillas, tamales, and even drinks. Aztec food also included beans and squash. Chocolate was one of the greatest gifts to Mexico.
Aztecs constructed temples, other buildings, and houses. They built roadways of stone across Lake Texcoco to the north, south, and west, linking the islands to the mainlands.
By the 1500, about 4 million Aztec lived in the Valley of Mexico and the surrounding valleys of central Mexico.
The Aztec state was authoritarian. The monarch, who claimed lineage with the gods, held all power. A council of lords and government officials assisted the Aztec ruler.
Male children in noble families were sent to school, which stressed military training. Once adults, they would select a career in the military service, government bureaucracy, or priesthood. The rest of the population were commoners, indentured workers, and slaves.
Aztec were polytheistic, believing in many gods. Aztec religion was based on an unending struggle between the forces good and evil in the universe. The religion also had influenced their art and architecture.