"Anemia." Web MD. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
By Brittany Holtzclaw
Anemia occurs when there are not enough red blood cells in the body. Red blood cells bind to oxygen, therefore, the body does not get enough oxygen. There are many different types of anemia, and they all have various causes and symptoms.
Anemia is divided into three types: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production, and anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells. Anemia caused by blood loss is when red blood cells are lost through bleeding. It can occur for a long period of time and remain undetected. This type includes pregnant women who often become anemic during pregnancy because of increased blood supply demands.
There is also anemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production. The body may produce not enough red blood cells or the blood cells may not work properly. Sickle cell anemia, iron deficiency anemia, and vitamin deficiency are all caused by this type of anemia.
The third and final type of anemia is caused by destruction of red blood cells. When the red blood cells can't take the stress put on them by the circulatory system, they can rupture prematurely. The main form of this type of anemia is sickle cell anemia.
There are many different symptoms of anemia. Mild symptoms include feeling grumpy, feeling more tired than normal, and headaches. More severe symptoms include a blue color to the whites of the eyes, brittle nails, pale skin color, and shortness of breath.
Since there are many different forms of anemia, the treatment should be directed at the specific form. Some treatments include blood transfusions, medications that suppress the immune system, medications that help the bone marrow make more blood cells, and supplements of iron. It is best to also try to eat more red meat, as these food sources have an abundance of iron.
"Herbal Remedies for Anemia." Herbal Remedies Info. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.