muslim empire.

time period: 600 a.d. ~ past 1300 a.d.

how it spread.

  • origins: out of Mecca, east to India, west across North Africa, and on into Spain
  • growth: to spread Islam to other people
  • military conquest: took about 100 years to expand most of their empire because they were great fighters and believed that they would go directly to heaven - they treated conquered people fairly
  • trade
  • Battle of Tours: in southern France (732 A.D.) the French Christians, led by Charles Martel, defeated the Muslims and stopped their advance into Europe

golden age.

(700-900 A.D.) a time of great learning and cultural diffusion

contributions to our society.

  • mathematics: spread Gupta math ideas, created algebra and trig
  • medicine: created hospitals, wrote medical textbooks, doctors were required to pass exams to practice medicine
  • architecture: influenced by Byzantine and Indian styles
  • astronomy: learned from Greek ideas, study of the sars, created astronomical tables
  • Islamic Law: based on Islamic relgious laws in the Qur'an, became the basis for politcal laws in the empire
  • banking: used money, allowed credit (money borrowing) to be used

preserved greek and roman culture.

  • preserved Roman and Greek ideas that they got from their contacts with the Byzantine Empir
  • they imporved upon them (ex. translated Roman writing)

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