The Armenian Genocide
By Danny Deamant
The Armenian people have made their home in the Caucasus(desert-like) region of Eurasia for some 3,000 years.The Armenian genocide was located in the Ottoman Empire (modern-day Turkey).
The Armenian Genocide was done by the new Turk government known as the Young Turks. When some of the armenians fought for Russia in WWI, the Young Turks thought that the armenians were also an enemy and sought to remove them from the Eastern Front. This was because Russia was an enemy of the Turks, and the armenians would fight for them because they wouldn't fight for the Turks due to previous mistreatment. This just made the Turks think of the Armenians even more poorly. On April 24, 1915, the Armenian genocide began. On that day, the Turkish government arrested and executed several hundred Armenian officials.
The Ottoman Empire (Young Turks)
The Ottoman Empire (Also commonly known as the Young Turks) was formed when a couple reformers overthrew Sultan Abdul Hamid (The old turkish leader) and established a more modern constitutional government.
This was lead by very religious roles including making a country for only the Turks. Their goal was to "Turkify" the Empire, meaning that Christians and Non-Turks were especially a big threat in the Young Turks viewpoint.
What happened during the genocide?
About 1 and a half million people died in the armenian genocide. The people were forced away from their homes through the mesopotamian desert where no food or water was provided. They were forced to walk until they died, and if they stopped to rest, they were shot.
The young turks also formed killing squads which was formed by murders and ex-convicts who would drown them, or throw them off cliffs or even burn them alive. Some women were raped or forced to be slaves while some children were kidnapped, converted to Islam and given to Turkish families.
The End of the Armenian Genocide
After the Armenian genocide ended in 1922, there were just 388,000 Armenians remaining in the Ottoman Empire. The Young Turks fled to Germany, where they were promised not to be prosecuted, but the Armenians formed a plan to assassinate the leaders of the Turks. This plan was carried out and the Young Turk leaders were eventually located and killed. To this day Turkey denies that the Armenian genocide took place.
“The Turkish government's official position is that there was no genocide because there was no systematic campaign to wipe out the Armenians. Although Turkey admits that massacres did take place, it insists they were just a regrettable consequence of war, not the result of an organized or targeted plan.”
- Amanda Taub - Vox
Summary of Genocide
We should all remember about the Armenian genocide that people were forced into horrible conditions because apparently they were not fit to live on Ottoman Empire soil. Genocide is the result of when a certain group, or race of people is killed or attempted to be annihilated because of personal beliefs, religious background, or race/ethnicity.
When you try to remove people or kill them off simply because of something about them that makes them unique, then you are going against what should be a basic human right of being able to have choices and be different without fearing for your life. A difference in viewpoints is not an excuse for cold blood murder. After all, we are all human beings, so why was being born Armenian going to determine whether or not you are going to live or die?
- 1. Kifner, John. "Armenian Genocide of 1915: An Overview." Editorial. The New York Times n.d.: n. pag. Armenian Genocide of 1915: An Overview. Web. 17 Apr. 2015.
- 2. "1915 Genocide - Frequently Asked Questions." 1915 Genocide - Frequently Asked Questions. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. <http://www.genocide1915.org/fragorochsvar_bakgrund.html>.
- 3. "Frequently Asked Questions about the Armenian Genocide." Frequently Asked Questions about the Armenian Genocide. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. <http://www.armenian-genocide.org/genocidefaq.html>.
- 4. Adalian, Rouben P. "Armenian Genocide." Armenian Genocide. Armenian National Institute, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
- 5. Taub, Amanda. "Why It's so Controversial to Call the Armenian Genocide a Genocide." Vox. N.p., 22 Apr. 2015. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.
- 6. "Armenian Genocide." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.
- 7. "Armenian Genocide, Missionaries and." Armenian Genocide, Missionaries and. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015. <http://www.armenian-genocide.org/missionaries.html>.
- 8. Longoria, Alba, and Lindsay Morris. The Armenian Genocide - Home. Digital image. The Armenian Genocide. N.p., 22 Nov. 2008. Web. 4 May 2015.
- 9. The Caucasus Eco-Region. Digital image. Geocurrents. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2015. <http://geocurrents.info/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Caucasus_Eco-Region_Map.jpg>.
- 10. "File:Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg." - Wikimedia Commons. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2015. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_Ottoman_Empire.svg>.
- 11. The Armenian elite of the city of Harput, Turkey. Digital image. Armenian Genocide. Maria Jacobsen Diary, 1907-1919., n.d. Web. 5 May 2015. <http://www.armeniangenocide.com.au/armeniangenocide>.
- 12. Longoria, Alba, and Lindsay Morris. "The Armenian Genocide." - Home. N.p., 22 Nov. 2008. Web. 07 May 2015.