Frederick Douglass

By: Hayes Oswald

Early Life

- Born in Tuckahoe, Maryland in 1818.

- Original name is Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey.

- He was the son of a white plantation owner and a slave.

- When his 6, he was sent to live with Lucretia Auld, then when he was 8 he was given to Hugh Auld to work and live with him.

- He was then sent to a "slavebreaker" named Edward Covey.

- At the Covey's he spent most of his time thinking of plans to escape.

- But hearing of his escape plans he was imprisoned. - 2 years later he planned another escape and succeeded traveling to New York City from Baltimore.

Life After Slavery

- Douglass being slave could not educate himself, so he did it himself.

- Douglass joined many organizations in New Bedford, Massachusetts and he changed his name to Frederick Douglass.

- He also attended many, many abolitionist meetings.

- He subscribed to The Liberator by William Lloyd Garrison.

- Douglass was inspired by Garrison's Bristol Anti-Slavery Society Meeting.

- Later Douglass spoke at the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society in Nantucket.

- Here was a asked to be a speaker for the abolitionist cause.

- There he wrote Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass an American Slave.

- Douglass also wrote My Bondage and My Freedom and Life and Times of Frederick Douglass.  

Abolition and Women's Rights Movements

- He traveled to Great Britain and Ireland to avoid recapture

- Douglass also published many newspapers The North Star, Frederick Douglass' Paper and Douglass' Monthly and New National Era.

- Douglass joined Elizabeth Cady at the Seneca Falls Convention

The Civil War

- "Douglass was one of the most famous black men in the country".

- Douglass and President Lincoln held many meetings to discuss many topics on African American Rights in the Civil ar.

- After the Civil War Douglass was elected to many political positions.

- Also, he was "the first African American to be nominated to run for the Vice President of the United States." But Douglass never campaigned.

Douglass' Legacy

- Douglass died on February 20, 1895

- Douglass did so many things for the abolitionist and women's rights and this really had huge affects on America. Leaving Americans to question all Civil Rights


- Textbook, Copyright Date 2009

- The World Book Encyclopedia, Copyright Date 1999




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