By: Hayes Oswald
- Born in Tuckahoe, Maryland in 1818.
- Original name is Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey.
- He was the son of a white plantation owner and a slave.
- When his 6, he was sent to live with Lucretia Auld, then when he was 8 he was given to Hugh Auld to work and live with him.
- He was then sent to a "slavebreaker" named Edward Covey.
- At the Covey's he spent most of his time thinking of plans to escape.
- But hearing of his escape plans he was imprisoned. - 2 years later he planned another escape and succeeded traveling to New York City from Baltimore.
Life After Slavery
- Douglass being slave could not educate himself, so he did it himself.
- Douglass joined many organizations in New Bedford, Massachusetts and he changed his name to Frederick Douglass.
- He also attended many, many abolitionist meetings.
- He subscribed to The Liberator by William Lloyd Garrison.
- Douglass was inspired by Garrison's Bristol Anti-Slavery Society Meeting.
- Later Douglass spoke at the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society in Nantucket.
- Here was a asked to be a speaker for the abolitionist cause.
- There he wrote Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass an American Slave.
- Douglass also wrote My Bondage and My Freedom and Life and Times of Frederick Douglass.
Abolition and Women's Rights Movements
- He traveled to Great Britain and Ireland to avoid recapture
- Douglass also published many newspapers The North Star, Frederick Douglass' Paper and Douglass' Monthly and New National Era.
- Douglass joined Elizabeth Cady at the Seneca Falls Convention
The Civil War
- "Douglass was one of the most famous black men in the country".
- Douglass and President Lincoln held many meetings to discuss many topics on African American Rights in the Civil ar.
- After the Civil War Douglass was elected to many political positions.
- Also, he was "the first African American to be nominated to run for the Vice President of the United States." But Douglass never campaigned.
- Douglass died on February 20, 1895
- Douglass did so many things for the abolitionist and women's rights and this really had huge affects on America. Leaving Americans to question all Civil Rights
- Textbook, Copyright Date 2009
- The World Book Encyclopedia, Copyright Date 1999