Hudson's Bay Lowlands
The climate of the Hudson's Bay Lowlands is very dry and cold for the most part. It has a sub-polar continental climate, and a year round average temperature of -4°. During the long winter, the Hudson's Bay Lowlands can receive temperatures as low as -60°, and can be covered with ice that is up to 2 meters thick. (Montgomery, Marc) With added north-westerly winds, the ice can reach as high as 8 meters. During the Summer, the temperatures usually reach a high of 20°, and the climate allows the landscape to clear up and transform into a broad bog. Most of the climate is effected by near water as well as ocean currents.
As mentioned earlier, the Hudson's Bay Lowlands is known for having a landscape full of rocks, sheets of ice, and snow. Although this is true, the region doesn't always look this way. During the Summer months, the climate thaws the permafrost, snow, and ice, and leaves the Hudson's Bay with a landscape covered in many peat-lands and wetlands, along with a lot of ponds, lakes, and marshes. This is why this region is referred to as having more water than land. Approximately 85% of the entire Hudson's Bay Lowlands is covered in wetlands, an area of well over 300,000 sq,km. (Ernst, Chloe) In the colder seasons, the lakes, ponds, rivers all freeze over, helping keep the region cooler.
Vegetation & Soil
Despite the fact that the cold temperature leaves a growing season of only 5 months, there is a still a large variety of vegetation. Over 800 species have been identified here, including mosses, lichens, ferns, purple saxifrage, and much more. (Ernst, Chloe) This region is known to have a plethora of fish, which makes it extremely ideal for fishing. It is also home to polar bears, who occasionally come to this region seeking food, as well as the rare beluga whales. Further inland, the region has dense forests of white spruce, balsam fir, aspen, and white birch. The soil in the Hudson's Bay Lowlands is extremely dry, thin, and poorly drained, which makes crop growing almost impossible. The soil is mostly permafrost year round, as the cold temperatures do nothing but help freeze it.
The rocks that created the foundation of the Hudson's Bay Lowlands were the Paleozoic sedimentary rocks, which contain lignite (form of coal), oil, and natural gas deposits. (Wikipedia) The coasts of this region contain cliffs of sedimentary rock, as well as some minerals found slightly inward. The bedrock in the Hudson's Bay Lowlands are completely covered in the glacial sediments (during Winter) and marine sediments (during Summer).
One of the best tourist attractions here in the Hudson's Bay Lowlands is fishing. The region has a vast amount of fish, and it can definitely attract tourists who are willing to find a good place to catch any specific breed of fish. The climate here in the Hudson's Bay Lowlands is a sub-polar continental, meaning there's generally a perfect temperature year-round for fishing, as the fish won't move to shallow water. The landscape of this region is one of the reasons why fishing is very successful here. As the land is covered in 85% wetlands/peat-lands, and a solid 50% of it being pure water (rivers, ponds, lakes), finding areas to fish is no challenge at all. (Wikipedia) The vegetation in the Hudson's Bay Lowlands may not be as plentiful as other regions, but it provides enough for fish to get their food, making sure that majority don't just end up dying of starvation, essentially making fishing easier as there would be a lot of fish. The rocks in this region really have no effect on fishing, but the fact that they are submerged in approximately 6 meters of water makes sure that the fish have a lot of room to roam around.
This video showcases the physical region of the Hudson's Bay Lowlands, it's history, as well as the recreational activities available in this region. (Start video at 2:50)
Influence Of Climate Change
Climate change here in the Hudson's Bay Lowlands is becoming more crucial. The region is currently facing global warming, which is currently resulting in shorter winters, shorter periods of ice cover, and warmer temperatures. This change is causing a lot more evaporation and lower sea levels, which are having negative effects on marine life and land. The enormous amounts of peat-lands, bogs, etc, are absorbing high levels of CO2, and end up releasing the trapped gas, thus causing more warming to this region. So far, the influence of climate change is having a huge negative effect, and the longer we wait, the harder this issue will be to fix.
Risk of Natural Disasters
Along with any region, a lot of specific tourism sites have a risk of natural disaster. The three main regions in the Hudson's Bay Lowlands are Ontario (most of it), Manitoba, and Quebec. All three of these regions all share one main potential risk, flooding. The region has suffered from a few floods before, however, due to the climate change (causing lower sea levels), the chances of flooding have decreased. Also, due to the fact that this tourism attraction (fishing) is along the insides of the region, the risks of flooding is really low. The past few floods in this region had occurred throughout the coastlines, and due to the cliffs of sedimentary rock there, no fish belonging in the wetlands were harmed. The floods occur when there is an excess amount of rain, thus resulting in overflowing water in rivers/streams, but as mentioned previously, lower sea levels mean a lower chance of overflowing water. Therefore, fellow tourists should not be worried a natural disaster anytime soon, but just in case, they now know what to expect.