War Declared By All

Authors: Jeremiah Mallari, Rachel Wong, Kendall Earnshaw, Elizabeth Eckman, Brandon Cramer

July 28, 1914: World War I has begun. Austria-Hungary has declared war on Serbia. This seemingly small conflict between two countries is rapidly spreading: Germany, Russia, Great Britain, and France are being drawn into the war, largely because they are involved in treaties that obligate them to defend certain other nations. Western and eastern fronts are quickly opened along the borders of Germany and Austria-Hungary.

Archduke Assassinated

June 28, 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sofie, were shot and killed. The significance of this event was the assassin, for he was a Serbian. The relationship between Austria and Serbia was already a negative one, and this event provoked the people of both nations. Followed by the assassination, Austria decided to use this event as a justification for demands from Serbia. Although Serbia responded to a majority of Austria's requests, it was not enough for Austria.

July 28, 1914: Austria declared war on Serbia. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand allowed for Austria to declare war on Serbia. This event notes the tension between the two nations, and how nationalism can lead to conflict.

Crisis in the Balkan

The Balkans consist of many nations and provinces which include Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria, Macedonia, and Bosnia. This peninsula is ruled by the Ottoman Empire however, countries in Europe such as Britain, France, Germany, and Russia are beginning to take interest in the Balkans because they are starting to realize that the Ottoman Empire will soon be diminished. Several Serb nationalist groups are forming in hopes to be free from foreign control and influence from Vienna. This sense of nationalism coming from Serbia directly correlated and contributed to the start of World War 1. Serbia is hoping to absorb all the Slavs on the Balkan Peninsula. Nationalism a powerful force for this country, has struck fear in Austria-Hungary because a Slavic state could stir rebellion among the Slavic population. Tensions between Serbia and Austria re steadily rising and have now vowed to crush any Serbian effort to undermine its authority to the Balkans. Once Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Germany, feeling it had to support Austria-Hungary, declared war on Russia, even at the risk of a world war. Because of alliances and friendships developed over the previous decades, France and Britain are now drawn into the fight alongside Russia. Thus the war has turned almost at once into a wider one.

Uncontrollable Nationalism

Much of the origin of the war was based on the desire of the Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina to no longer be part of Austria Hungary but instead be part of Serbia. In this way, nationalism led directly to the War. But in a more general way, the nationalism of the various countries throughout Europe contributed not only to the beginning but the extension of the war in Europe. Each country tried to prove their dominance and power.

As World War 1 begins to deploy, be prepared to help support the war and your country. Englist now, your country depends on you!

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