The Taxonomy of the Eastern Coyote
By: Austin Brumfield

What is Taxonomy?

The branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms; systematics.There are seven levels of taxonomy. The seven levels of taxon are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species.

Taxonomy of a Eastern Coyote


KINGDOM: Animalia- these are multicellular,eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom. Most animals move spontaneously and independently.

PHYLUM: Chordate- chordates possess a notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, and a post anal tail for atleast some part of their life. The vertebrate chordates display segmentation.

CLASS: Mammalia- mammals are different from reptiles because they possess hair, three middle ear bones, mammory glands, and a neocortex. Mammals include some of the largest animals on the planet, and it as well includes some of the smartest animals on the planet.

INFRACLASS: Eutheria- one of the two mammalian clades with extant members that diverged in the late jurassic. the other is the metatheria, which includes marsupials, most of whom accommodate their neonates in pouches. All mammals indigenous to Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America north of Mexico are eutherians.

ORDER: Carnivora- includes over 280 species of placental mammals. Its members are known as carnovorians. Carnivores are the most diverse in size of any mammalian order, ranging from animals as little as 25 g. to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb.)

FAMILY: Canidae- carnivorans that include dogs, wolves, foxes, jackals, and many other extant and extinct dog-like mammals. Canids have a long evolutionary history. Has three subfamilies, Hesperocyoninae, Borophaginae, and Caninae. You can find canids on all continents except Antarctica.

GENUS: Canis- a genus that contains 7 to 10 extant species such as the domestic dog, wolves, coyotes, and jackals, and also many more extinct species of this type.

Where is the Eastern Coyote found?

In the picture above you'll see where exactly the Eastern Coyote is located.

The Life of an Eastern Coyote

Coyotes have a rich and complex social structure that is always alert to environmental restraints. Because coyotes have a complex social life, they have created a language that is understood by all of them. And that language is their Song. Their song is their howl. Coyotes howl for three main reasons. The first reason is they delight in “singing” together. That is a way for them to socially bond to each other. Coyote pups who can barely stand still do their best to throw their heads up to the sky and howl.

The second reason they howl is to communicate with each other when they are distances away. Coyotes howl more oftenly in the summer and early fall because that is when the parents start allowing their pups to explore more on their own.  So the parents stay in touch with their pups by howling.

The third reason they howl is to let other coyotes know that this is their territory and to stay out of it. Coyotes are very territorial animals.

oyote families or packs are made up a pair of mated adults and their offspring. There can be other family members who are not involved in breeding, but who are very much involved with the care and safety of the pups. The size of the pack depends on mostly where they are. In rural areas the pack is larger and in urban areas the pack is smaller. Food has a lot to do with that too.

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