The Byzantine Empire
476 AD - 1453 AD
Map of the Byzantine Empire - 1025 AD
Information on the Byzantine Empire
The size of the Byzantine Empire varied from year to year. No matter how small or large it became, Constantinople was always located within the empire. This empire was located in the eastern half of the the ancient Roman Empire. The Byzantine Empire also extended up into Russia along rivers and that is how Russia was introduced to many new ideas. The Byzantine Empire started during the fifth century and later fell during the 15th century.
The Byzantine Empire introduced many new ideas and contributions to the world. Ideas such as the Cyrillic alphabet, mosaic artwork, a specific type of architecture, which they had gotten from the Arabs, and the religion of the Greek Orthodox Christian Church, was passed onto countries such as Russia. Art and architecture were contributed to our modern world and were often supported by the Christian Church. The law system, called Justinian's Code, was based on the Roman Twelve Tables and was used all across Europe. Advancements in engineering and literature were also contributed by the Byzantine Empire.
Without the great preservation of the old Roman and Greed cultures, we may have never know the amazing advancements made by these cultures. This empire lasted much longer than other empires simply by minding their own business and having an organized government. Eventually, the Byzantine Empire did fall to the Muslims. This is when the great church of Hagia Sophia was converted over into Islam from Greek Othodox.