Appliances with a Brain
By: Carissa F.
“Can I play on the computer?”
You may not know it, but your own computer is an AI!!! Dun, dun, dun!!! Don’t worry, it’s not that scary. “AI” stands for artificial intelligence. AI is basically anything electronic, but it mostly includes robots. No, that doesn't mean that your toaster is going to get up and start walking around. It means that AI is important to us in our everyday lives. Read the following article to find out more.
History of AI
AI dates back 5,000 years to Asia, but the first auto-calculating robot was made in 1642. The word “robot” comes from the word robota, meaning forced labor. Early computers didn’t work well, but 2 inventions helped develop more reliable computers. The two parts are a transistor and integrated circuits. Integrated circuits made it easier to fit thousands of electronic parts onto a microchip. Transistors are like small tubes to pass on electricity. In 1940 the first actual computer was made. Its job was to program bombs and missiles for the army. At about 2030, it is expected that personal robots will be as common as house phones.
Here are several types of AI and their uses:
Operator Agents: model how soldiers act and think on a battlefield
Pathfinders: perform brain surgery flawlessly
Grand Champions: really good at chess
Rovers: explore space
Nanobots: scan your brain from the inside
Chatterbots: able to talk to people and start long conversations
Mandrakes: help a single person keep surveillance around an area
RKCPs: can look at a poem and make hundreds of poems with the same theme and idea
Many AI are used in factories to help with building vehicles, furniture, and food containers, and for forming clay and soft metals.
Training a Computer
Computers learn from experiences in chess. They learn from chess because they have to calculate about 2 million moves a second. Chess has been used as a method for the past 50 years! The most frequently used method is called the Turing Test. The Turing Test is when a human and a computer sit on one side of a curtain, and on the other side there is another human. That human asks a question, and then tries to guess who said what answer. If he guesses the wrong one for the computer, that computer is said to be intelligent. Another good method to train an AI is to leave the AI alone on a difficult terrain for it to survive by itself.
Uses of AI
In the 1950s governments wanted to use AI for military purposes, but it only ended up programming missiles and bombs. In stores, AI is used for target identification, and at homes it’s used for robot pets or helpers, and video games. Hospitals, banks, insurances, and other companies use it for processing large amount of information. Airplane pilots who are tired of flying the airplane let AI take over in the form of auto-pilot. Sometimes, AI are used as companions.
IQ of AI
Computers’ neurons are like our own, and they calculate 400 million things per second, yet they are still dumber than frogs. Problem is, AIs must have knowledge about something to be able to do it. When AI do something wrong, they reprogram themselves to do better. An Artificial Neural Network is an important part of any AI. AI use these networks so they can use reasoning to solve problems.
Now that you’ve learned about AI, spread the news! You’ve learned about the history of AI, the types of AI, uses of AI, IQ of AI, and training an AI. Now, if you hear someone asking what AI is, you can answer instead of sitting around like a clueless computer in the off position.
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