Importance of Titanium to India

Titanium (also known as the "Space Age Metal") is the fourth most abundant metal in earth’s crust. Its properties include having excellent corrosion resistance and being strong and lightweight, which makes this an extremely useful metal. It's uses revolve around titanium alloys - aerospace, military, industrial process, automotives, medical instruments, and other applications.

Titanium is ext using the Kroll process. The Kroll process is slow and has at least two steps, which starts off with the titanium oxide ore is reacted with chlorine to make titanium chloride. After its extraction, it is processed by using mainly 2 parts. The first part is reducing the titanium ore into sponge and melting the sponge to become an ingot. The second part is where the ingot is converted into general mill products and finishes its shape from mill products.

For India, titanium's primary use is producing the titanium into sponge and exporting it to countries around the world. There is no clear economic value of titanium to India, however.

The environmental impact of titanium is fairly good.  It's hypoallergenic, one of the most environmentally friendly metals, the low weight of Ti reduces fuel consumption in aircraft, ships and land vehicles, reduces land, water or air pollution from corrosion failure of process plant and its recyclable resistance to corrosion reduces metal loss and energy input for repair/replacement.