The Industrial Revolution

Effects on migration

- Many people started to move to cities (urbanization) to find more jobs and raise more money.

- Others left cities because urbanization was disturbing their life style.

- Many methods for transportation was innovated like the railroads, steam boat, ships, roads, trains, etc that facilitated transportation for people.

Population grew tremendously in the UK after the industrial rev.

Effects on health

- Steam power created various problems in the workplace such as the development of asthma, lung cancer, asphyxia, myeloid leukemia, etc.

- Unsanitary work environments caused people to be ill

- Cholera killed many people who used the water from the canals and rivers

Effects on mortality

It is thought that 1/3 of the working population in industrial cities died. This was because of disease and harsh working conditions that the deaths occurred.

Countries that have a higher life expectancy have reached the industrial rev.

Effects on living standards

- For many skilled workers, the quality of life decreased a great deal in the first 60 years of the Industrial Revolution.

- People did everything for themselves.

- Life was rough but better than before because for stimulation of money allowed the population to increase.


- Louis Pastuer discovered that microbes in milk could be killed by heating to about 130 degrees Fahrenheit, a process which is now known as pasteurization.

- He discovered that some microorganisms require oxygen (aerobic organisms), while others reproduce in the absence of oxygen

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