The Industrial Revolution
Effects on migration
- Many people started to move to cities (urbanization) to find more jobs and raise more money.
- Others left cities because urbanization was disturbing their life style.
- Many methods for transportation was innovated like the railroads, steam boat, ships, roads, trains, etc that facilitated transportation for people.
Effects on health
- Steam power created various problems in the workplace such as the development of asthma, lung cancer, asphyxia, myeloid leukemia, etc.
- Unsanitary work environments caused people to be ill
- Cholera killed many people who used the water from the canals and rivers
Effects on mortality
It is thought that 1/3 of the working population in industrial cities died. This was because of disease and harsh working conditions that the deaths occurred.
Effects on living standards
- For many skilled workers, the quality of life decreased a great deal in the first 60 years of the Industrial Revolution.
- People did everything for themselves.
- Life was rough but better than before because for stimulation of money allowed the population to increase.
- Louis Pastuer discovered that microbes in milk could be killed by heating to about 130 degrees Fahrenheit, a process which is now known as pasteurization.
- He discovered that some microorganisms require oxygen (aerobic organisms), while others reproduce in the absence of oxygen