Islam By: Noor & Ross
How did religion effect the expansion of different empires?
The ottoman empire
The ottomans were one of the most powerful empires in the world around the 15 and 1600's. The ottomans worshiped Islam and helped spread the religion as the empire grew. The ottomans capital was present day Istanbul, Constantinople. The ottomans were well known for spreading Islam greatly, the ottomans specifically spread Sunni Islamic views, the Hagia Sophia originally a church was turned into a mosque by the ottomans.
Take the short quiz below to test your understanding!
The Safavid's were a family that ruled an influential empire in Southwest Asia. A family that ruled an influential empire in Southwest Asia from 1501 to 1722. "Rulers of the safavid empire unified persian society under a native dynasty for the first time since the muslim conquest of persia in the 7th century and established Shia islam as the official religion." (Guy Gardner) Religion began to spread due to it's exposure and encounters with warlords from all around. This then was so easlily spread due to the help of military expansion when other empires were conquered by the military.The Safavid empire later became a Religious and Military group in the 17th century, attracting many people from different religions that liked how they were enthusiastic about their beliefs.
A sultan is the ruler of a kingdom or Islamic empire, like a sultanate is the area of land that is ruled by that sultan. If a sultanate was growing too large in size they would break apart that sultanate and give the pieces of land a sultan (leader that would rule the land). An example of a sultanate would be the Delhi Sultanate which was one of the largest and most powerful sultanates of that time.
Watch the video below to get a better idea of the Delhi sultanate
The Mughals were a Persian ruled empire. A Persianate empire extending over large parts of the Indian subcontinent. When Babur was emperor " the empire he founded was a sophisticated civilization based on a religious toleration." Hinduism was tolerated, more temples were built throughout the empire. In this point in time, majority of the population in and around this area were hindu's, thus attracting many people for hinduism as well as expanding Baburs empire in a huge way. Babur conquered Delhi and made it the capital. Babur's tactic was not to convert everyone to one religion through force or terror, but to offer the toleration of many religions as long as they joined him, thus bringing in people from every culture and religion and increasing the population of his empire.
Critical Thinking Question
Knowing what you know now and using historical evidence, which type of religious expanision tactic was more effective, Forcing conquered empires to convert, giving them the choice of religion or bribing them to convert?