ALL ABOUT SPACE
This is a picture of what the ISS looks like.
All About The ISS
The ISS is kind of like a home for astronauts in space and a lab to do some reasearch of space. The ISS does not staying in one spot it orbits around, you can go to the website http://iss.astroviewer.net to spot the station live. It has everything that a home has like food , and a place to sleep. The astronauts do lots and lots of research at the ISS.The ISS was launched in Nov.20 1998. About 16 countries help built it and it took about forty missions to complete it. The ISS is also used to test spacecrafts and equipment and weighs 400 tonnes. It the world's largest space station .The ISS orbits so fast that it can go to the moon and back in just one day. The ISS is about the size of 8 basketball courts lined up side by side. The ISS is bigger than a six bedroom house and orbits about 4,700 kilometers a second.
i.s.s build Timeline
- ISS Assembly Mission 1
November 20, 1998 - The Zarya Control Module was launched by a Russian Pro rocket. Zarya provides battery power and fuel storage.
ISS Assembly Mission 2A
Dec. 4, 1998 -Space Shuttle Endeavour delivered the Unity Node with two pressurized mating adapters. The STS-88 crew captured Zarya and mated it with the Unity Node.
May 27, 1999 - Space Shuttle Discovery with the STS-96 crew delivered and fitted the Station with supplies.
ISS Assembly Mission 4
May 19, 2000 -- The STS-101 crew setup the Station for the arrival of the Zvezda Service Module.And the zvezda got delivered.
ISS Assembly Mission 5
Sept. 8, 2000 -- The STS-106 crew brought supplies and performed maintenance on the Station.
Oct. 11, 2000 -- Arriving by Space Shuttle Discovery the STS-92 crew installed the Z1-Truss, a third pressurized connecting adapter and a Ku-band antenna.
This is what the ISS looked like after the first 6 missions.
ISS Assembly Mission 7
Nov. 30, 2000 -- The STS-97 crew delivered and installed the P6 Truss which holds the first U.S. solar arrays.
April 19, 2001 -- Space Shuttle Endeavour delivered racks to the Destiny Laboratory with the Raffaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module. Canadarm2, the Station's robotic arm, walked off the Shuttle to its new home.
July 12, 2001 -- The STS-104 crew used the Space Shuttle Atlantis' robotic arm to install the new Joint Airlock from which both Russian and American spacewalks may take place.
Sept. 14, 2001 -- A Russian Soyuz rocket delivered a cargo crane and the Russian Pirs Docking Compartment for both a Soyuz docking port and Russian-based spacewalks.
ISS Assembly 11
Nov. 23, 2002 -- Space Shuttle Endeavour delivered the first port truss segment, the P1 Truss, which the STS-113 crew installed. The P6 solar arrays were deployed and its batteries were activated.
Life In Space
May 31, 2008 --- The STS-124 crew delivered the Pressurized Module and robotic arm of the Japanese Kibo laboratory, to the International Space Station. The mission also performed an exchange of station crew members. Astronaut Greg Chamitoff flew to the station as a mission specialist on STS-124. He took astronaut Garrett Reisman's place as an Expedition 17 flight engineer.
April 5, 2010 -- Discovery delivered the Leonardo Multi-Purpose Logistics Module filled with science racks that were transferred to laboratories on the International Space Station.
In space doing stuff like eating food,exercising, and free time are a bit different than at home on earth. Eating is space is kind of hard because of the zero gravity.First of all there is no fridge at the ISS. If you were to open a pack of cookies the cookies will fly everywhere and will be hard to eat in zero gravity. There are special packaging the astronauts use that help the food not fly so they can eat it. Salt can only be used in liquid form. There is a box on the wall of the ISS where astronauts chose their food before they get to the ISS then when they get there they put the box on the wall so they can eat food that they prefer. Going to the washroom is a bit different in space. There is a vacuum on the toilet so that your waste doesn't fly everywhere in the weightlessness environment.
Exercising iN sPACE
An astronaut must exercise at least 2 hours a day to prevent muscle loss.The average astronaut lifts 200 hundred pounds in weights, it may seem a lot but in space with zero gravity it is so much easier.per month in space you lose about 1% of your muscles so it is very important you exercise. The exercise machines are a bit different because of the weightless environment.
The cycle ergometer is basically like a regular bike that you will see in the gym but it uses clips on the pedals to secure the astronaut so they don't fly off.The treadmill uses a harness to secure the astronaut. They apply a 60% of the persons weight to the harness and decrease it over time making it harder each time they decrease. Astronaut Sunita Williams did the first triathlon in space.
The Canada arm is basically an arm that is remotely controlled by people at the Iss. It is about 30 years old now. It has done lots of stuff at the ISS like do repairs, move things around, and positioned astronauts. It is a fully functional arm that is 15 meteres long.The Canadarm weighed 410 kilograms and could not support itself in Earth’s gravity.The Canadarm could lift about 30,000 kilograms on Earth or up to 266,000 kilograms in space at speeds of up to 60 centimetres per second.in order for the canadaarm to be good engineers spent tons of time to find the best materials that will work in this enviroment, meaning it costed over $110 million.The Canadarm’s first flight was with the space shuttle Columbia on 13 November 1981. To finish this off they now have a canadarm2 that is bigger and better than than the canadarm.
Above is a picture of the parts of the Canadaarm parts.
The hubble telescope is an amazing invention that is a super powerful telescope in space. Edwin Hubble is the amazing inventor of this. Hubble has made a little more than 1.2 million observations since it was launched in 1990. It is a telescope that is always orbiting the earth.Hubble is one of NASA's most successful and long-lasting science invensions yet. The hubble telescope’s position above the atmosphere blocks the light that reaches our planet. This gives it a view of the universe that is typically a lot better than any of the ground telescopes. About every 97 minutes, Hubble completes a spin around Earth, moving at the speed of about 8 km per second per second. That is fast enough to travel across the United States in about 10 minutes.
The RADARSAT was launched in space on November 1995; RADARSAT-1 would send images of the world from space. RADARSAT-1 monitored the entire Arctic region. This helped to track and identify various types of ice, and produce daily ice charts. The information was then used for planning safe shipping routes and for offshore exploration platforms or ocean research places. RADARSAT has also helped update maps of Antarctica and monitor Antarctic ice fields. Because the RADARSAT-1 had a heavy cloud cover, many of the world's rain forests and coastal regions could be mapped. RADARSAT-1 could also monitor the how big of marine oil spills there were, providing very useful information for spill control and clean up services, and have considerable value in settling legal questions related to oil spills.
Famous Canadian Astronaut Chris Hadfeild
Chris Hadfield is an amazing canadian astronaut in my opinion. Chris Hadfield was Born August 29, 1959, in Sarnia, and raised in Milton, Ontario. Colonel Chris Hadfield is married to Helene Hadfield. He has flown about 70 aircrafts. When Chris Hadfield is in space he makes tons of youtube videos about how to do things in space. He does it because he wants people to be able to see without needing to fly into space. Click on the button below to get directed to Chris Hadfield's youtube channel.
Where i got my research from