Social Studies Common Exam Review

Democracy:  Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives

-Direct There are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything!   Italy

-Representative  People elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens  USA

Autocracy: A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.

-Monarch Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!  England

--Absolute monarch a person who reigns over a kingdom or empire Austria-Hungary

--constitutional monarch is a form of government in which a king or queen acts as Head of State United Kingdom

-Dictatorship Dictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinions North Korea

*Theocracy“Theo” means “god” in Greek… so if a government is THEO-cratic that means it is ruled by… That’s right! A god or higher power! Vatican City

*Oligarchy  Oligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government China,

*AnarchyvIn an anarchy there is no government to make or enforce laws. Switzerland

*Communism  a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.    Afghanistan