Textbook Glossary

Pg. 640-643

TB pg. 640

Metaphors -  describe one thing as if it were something else.
Personification -  give human qualities to something nonhuman.
Similes -  use like of as to compare two unlike things.
Alliteration -  is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
Repetition -  is the repeated use of a sound, word, or phrase.
Assonance -  is the repetition of vowels sounds in stressed syllables.
Consonance -  is the repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds.
Onomatopoeia -  is the use of words that imitate sounds.
Rhyme -  is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
Rhythm -  is the pattern of a strong and weak beats, as well as pauses, in a poem.

TB pg. 641
Lines -  help poets add natural pauses by breaking up a poem into many individual parts.
Stanzas -  the arrangement of groups of lines to create an appearance on the page or to organize thoughts.
Meter -  is the rhythmical pattern, or the arrangement and number of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Rhyme Scheme -  is the pattern of rhyme in a poem.

TB pg. 642-643
Lyric Poetry - expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in very musical verse.
Sonnets - are fourteen-line poems with a formal tone that follow a specific rhyme scheme.
Odes - are poems with one formal tone, written for the single purpose of celebrating of honoring a person, object, or idea.
Elegies - are formal poems that reflect on death or other solemn, serious themes.
Narrative Poetry - tells a story in verse. Narrative poems have elements like those in a short story, such as setting, plot, and characters.
Epics - are long narrative poems that tell and exciting or inspiring story, usually about a hero.
Ballads - are song-like poems that tell a story, often dealing with adventure, tragedy, or romance.
Free Verse Poetry - is defined by its lack of strict structure.
Limericks - are humorous five-line poems with a specific rhythmic pattern.
Concrete Poems - are when the words are arranged on the page to form a shape that suggests the topic or ideas in the poem.
Haiku - are short, unrhymed poems, often about nature.