Gymnastics Genius Hour

Where it started

Gymnastics is a sport that develops physical fitness, physical coordination and endurance, and flexibility, balance, and beauty of movement in its athletes. In most countries of the world, including the United States, gymnastics is a competitive sport.

Gymnastics is a sport that goes back to ancient Greece. Gymnastics began in the early 1800's in Sweden. At about the same time, gymnastics was also beginning  in Germany and, and gymnastics became a popular sport throughout northern and middle Europe.

Gymnastic competition became part of the modern Olympic Games in 1896. Since then, gymnasts from all over the world have met in multiple competitions. Athletes from Eastern Europe, Russia, and Japan have at one time or another been in the sport. In the 1980's, Mary Lou Retton, Bart Conner, and Kurt Thomas were the first gymnasts to complete an overall ten in one competition.

The basics

It is predictable for the beginner to start with floor exercises or tumbling. Before any practice begins, a gymnast needs to warm up with slow stretching exercises. These exercises loosen the body as well as warm up the muscles that will be used. Some beginners are limited by their lack of flexibility, which can be developed by performing floor exercises and by stretching. Any size area can be used for stretching and warm- up exercises. Tumbling can be done on a straight mat that is 40 by 6 feet covered with foam.


Many varieties of movements and combinations can be included in floor exercises. First you should learn the skills, then choose which ones you wish to put into a routine.

Floor exercises often begin with tumbling and may include handstand, balance, and strength movements. It is also good to show some form of flexibility in a routine. Most routines finish with a tumbling pass. The women's routine is set to music and needs to include some form of dance. This is usually ballet, but it can be modern dance. In both men's and women's floor routines, the gymnast's timing, flexibility, and form are very important, as are the heights of the tumbling and leaping movements. For a final impression of good form and body control, the routine should end with a perfect landing, often called a "stuck" landing.

There should be harmony and connection between the movements, so that they all fit smoothly with rhythm into the exercise. The gymnast should use the entire floor area, moving diagonally as well as forward and backward. Diagonal patterns should be used  for routines demonstrating the highest level of skill. Advanced gymnasts are expected to demonstrate more difficult skills than are beginning gymnasts.

Competition in Gymnastics

Here are seven championship events for men: floor exercise, long horse vault, pommel horse, still rings, parallel bars, horizontal bar, and the all-around. For women, there are five championship events: floor exercise, balance beam, side horse vault, uneven parallel bars, and the all-around.

They are judged for mechanics, grace and rhythm, and how well they are performed within the overall routine.

Optional routines are put together by each individual performer. The gymnast selects the skills for the event that he or she can perform well. These routines are judged for originality, correctness, form, and daring or risk. If a performer demonstrates too much strain while performing a skill, his or her score will be lower. Today many competitions use only the optional routine. It is the most difficult routine for the gymnast to do but the most exciting routine for the spectators to watch.

From two to four officials judge the routines. At times a fifth judge, called a superior judge, is used. The superior's job is to keep the other four officials within the judging guidelines. When two judges are used, the scores are averaged; when four judges are used, the highest score and the lowest score are discarded, and the remaining two scores are averaged.

Gabby Douglas

Gabrielle Christina Victoria "Gabby" Douglas (born December 31, 1995) is an American artistic gymnast. As a member of the U.S. Women's Gymnastics team at the 2012 Summer Olympics, she won gold medals in both the individual all round and team competitions. Douglas is the first black woman in Olympic history to become the individual all-around champion, and the first American gymnast to win gold in both the individual all-around and team competitions at the same Olympics as well as being the only American all-around champion to win multiple gold medals. She was also a member of the gold-winning U.S. team at the 2011 world championships.

Thanks for reading
Here is a video

This is amazing 4 year old gymnast Konner McClain she is on a national team and is 4 years old!

Comment Stream

2 years ago

it is good

2 years ago


3 months ago

awesome thanks a lot for the info