Leonardo Da Vinci

Mark Cai F3G4 I&S , Mr Holywell,12-12-2013

Name: Leonardo Da Vinci

Place of birth: April 15, 1452, in Vinci, Italy.

Life Span: April 15, 1452-May 2, 1519 (aged 67)

Skills and talent:Notable in the fields of civil engineering, chemistry, geology, geometry, hydrodynamics, mathematics, mechanical engineering, optics, physics, pyrotechnics, and zoology.

Inventions:ball bearings, parachute, ornithopter, machine gun, diving suit, armoured tank, self propelled-cart, aerial screw, robotic knight.

Length of education: In 1467 he became an apprentice learning painting, sculpture and acquiring technical and mechanical skills. He was accepted into the painters' guild in Florence in 1472 but he continued to work as an apprentice until 1477. From that time he worked for himself in Florence as a painter. During this time he sketched pumps, military weapons and other machines.

Personal history of Leonardo Da Vinci-

Leonardo grew up with his father in Florence, where he started drawing and painting. His early sketches were of such magnificent and impeccable quality that his father soon showed them to the painter Andrea del Verrocchio, who subsequently took on the fourteen-year old Leonardo as an apprentice. Other than that, Leonardo also worked with Lorenzo di Credi and Pietro Perugino, who were both famous painters back in the days.From around 1482 to 1499, Ludovico Sforza, the Duke of Milan, employed Leonardo and allowed him to operate his own workshop complete with his apprentices. It was here that seventy tons of bronze that had been set aside for Leonardo's "Gran Cavallo" horse statue were made into weapons for the Duke in an attempt to save Milan from the French under Charles VIII in 1495. Leonardo Da Vinci died at Clos Luce, France, on 2nd May, 1519. According to his wish, 60 beggars followed his casket. He was buried in the Chapel of Saint-Hubert in the castle of Amboise.

How Leonardo Da Vinci Influenced later people-

When the Industrial revolution began back in the late 1700's. People valued Da Vinci's engineering drawings, demonstrating the principles of flywheels, spindles, ball bearings, rolling bearings, pulleys, pile drivers, floodlights, crank elevators, odometers, cog wheels, gears and gear shifts, cranes, ratchets, jacks...and many other more gears and equipments which were essential to the rising of the Industrial revolution. The drawings of Da Vinci has directly influenced people in the 1760's to create his own conceptualised designs.

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