American Revolution

By: Morgan, Ryan, Mason, & Lee

What happened:

The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which rebel colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain, and founded the United States of America.

To counteract the British actions, the colonies organized the first Continental Congress. They met in Philadelphia in 1774. Fighting erupted between colonists and the British army in April 1775 in Lexington and concord, Massachusetts. The second continental congress met soon afterward and formed and army, called the Continental Army .

-They named George Washington as commander in chief

-The second continental congress approved aa declaration of independence written by Thomas Jefferson.   (the american revolution had formally begun)
-When the army of General Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781, The British decided to end the war.

-The Treaty of Pairs, signed in 1783, recognized the independence of the American colonies.

-It also gave the Americans control of the western territory from the Appalachians to the Mississippi river.

Important people:

George Washington: The first President of the United States, the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

Thomas Jefferson:Wrote the Deceleration of Independence

General Cornwallis: He led several successful early campaigns during the American Revolution. he moved his forces to Virginia, where he was defeated at the Battle of Yorktown. This American victory and Cornwallis’ surrender of his troops to George Washington was the final major conflict of the American Revolution.

KG3: King George III ascended the British throne in 1760. During his 59-year reign, he pushed through a British victory in the Seven Years’ War, led England’s successful resistance to Revolutionary and Napoleonic France, and presided over the loss of the American Revolution

Cause and Effect:

Stamp Act:

Cause: The British Government needed to create money to support the Army so they created the Stamp Act of 1765. This act required colonists to pay for an official stamp, or seal, when they bought paper items.

Effect: The colonists protested against the Stamp Act immediately. Colonists formed a secret society called the Sons of Liberty.

Boston Tea Party:

Cause: Allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonists. This would lower the price of tea and encourage colonists to stop smuggling the tea. Less smuggling would result in more tax money.

Effect: The colonists disguised as Indians and sneaked onto three tea-filled ships in the harbor and dumped over 340 chests into Boston Harbor.

Sources Cited:

Sheidley, Nathaniel. "American Revolution." World Book Student. World Book, 2015. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

"Discovery Education." Discovery Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2015.

"American Revolution." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 25 Mar. 2015.

"World Book Online Reference Center | Online Reference Book| Online Encyclopedia." World Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2015.

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