Rihab, Reem, YaSMINE, iSIL
- Beliefs -Beliefs are based on the teachings of Jesus, some beliefs include :
- That Jesus was the Messiah promised in the Old Testament.
- That Jesus Christ is the Son of God.
- That God sent his Son to Earth to help save humanity from consequences of sins that may be made.
That there is only one God , but that there are three elements to this God : God the Father, God the Son, the Holy Spirit.
- Sacred Texts The main sacred text of Christianity is the Holy Bible (other texts include the Revelation, and the Didache), which has two parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Old Testament simply commenced what the New Testament completed. Differences between the two:
Old Testament: Begins with God. Written in Hebrew. Is about the about the promise God made with the people about their salvation before Christ came. The Old Testament is pre- Christ appearance and pre- earthly mission.
New Testament: Begins with Christ. Written in Greek. Is about the account of a nation, and the account of a man.
- “Founders”- Jesus Christ
- Important Figures (Prophets)- Major Prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel.
- House of Worship- Church
- Various Sects- Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Anglican, Amish, Baptists, Lutheran, Pentecostalism, Presbyterian, Quakers, etc
- Religious Leaders- Jesus Christ, who spread Christianity and influenced other people.
- All Saints' Day- the day after All Hallows' Eve, a feast day celebrated on the first of November by Anglicans and Roman Catholics to remember all saints and martyrs throughout Christian History.
- All Souls' Day- the day after All Saints' Day to remember and pray for the faithful departed.
-Ascension Day- celebrates Jesus's ascension to heaven after he was resurrected on Easter Day.
-Candle-mas- commemorates the purification of Mary 40 days after Jesus was born.
-Corpus Christi- celebrates the body of Christ.
-Epiphany- celebrates the baptism of Jesus
-All Hallows' Eve- preparations for the feast day with prayers and fasting.
-Lent- 40 days which comes before Easter, to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus after his death on the cross.
-Christmas- marks the birth of Jesus, the son of God. The 25th of December.
-Easter- commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
-Mothering Sunday- fourth Sunday of Lent, traditionally a day to visit one's mother and family.
- Sacred Places-Shrines- Churches
- Brief History- Focused on the life, death, and resurrection of one person, Jesus Christ, the son of God.
- Demographics- The number of Christians around the world has tripled in the last century, from 600 million to 2 billion. Christian's make up about 32% of the world's population today.
- Comparison- Judaism isn't as large as Christianity and Islam. All three religions believe about God, people, afterlife, etc. It is the largest religion. All have somewhere they pray, a sacred text, and a God.
Gospels- Jesus' birth, mission, relationship with God, and Jesus' focus on the reign of God.
Jesus- central figure of Christianity.
Eucharist- a sacrament and a sacrifice. In the Holy Eucharist, the Lord Christ is contained, offered, and received through the appearances of bread and wine.
Church of Holy Sepulture - identified as the place of crucifixion and the tomb of Jesus of Nazareth. Has been a major destination center for Christians all around the world.
Apostles- An apostle was one of Jesus Christ's 12 closest disciples.
Church- a place used for public Christian worship
Pope- the bishop of Rome as the head of the Roman Catholic Church
Priest- An ordained minister having the right to perform sacred rituals
Bishop- a senior member of the Christian clergy
Trinity- defining God as three divine persons as mentioned earlier, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
"Christianity." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014.
"Global Christianity – A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Christian Population." Pew Research Centers Religion Public Life Project RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.