Jake Blackshire

One aspect of the Mesopotamia society is the job specialization. The people of Mesopotamia started to specialize in certain jobs such as, priests, scribes, farmers, merchants, traders, ext. The priests lead religious activities , scribes were the people who read and write, farmers worked with animals and grew livestock, merchants sold different items, and traders traded things like gold and silver with other places. The reason they specialized in jobs is because they could get more accomplished to help their society and it got to hard for everybody to do everything. The job specialization helped Mesopotamia be more productive.

Another aspect of Mesopotamian society is the social classes. There is a social pyramid that ranks the social classes of Mesopotamia. A very basic social pyramid of Mesopotamia would probably be something like this. Slaves at the bottom, followed by laborers or commoners, then merchants and Artisans, then scribes, followed by priests, then the king/emperor. To sum it up slaves were at the bottom because they did not have rights and work for people higher up in the social pyramid. The commoners/laborers were just above slaves because they had no education, also 85% of them did farming. Merchants and Artisans kept track of most things that involved trading, landing them in the upper class. The scribes are so high up because they were very educated and could read and write. Then the priests were just below the king because they lead religious activities. The king is the highest because he rules the land.

Another aspect of Mesopotamian society is the government. First off, Mesopotamia was ruled by many groups of peoples such as the Sumerians, then the Akkadians, Babylonians, Hittites, Kassites, Assyrians, Chaldeans, then Phoenicians. The reason it was ruled by so many groups of people is because it was commonly attacked and overthrown. As for the ruler there was famous one named Hammurabi. The reason he was so famous is because he made the first written laws called The code of Hammurabi which consisted of 282 laws. The basis of some laws went like an eye for an eye.