"News Releases." Halifax Stanfield International Airport Halifax Stanfield Rallies for Haitian Earthquake Relief Comments. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
"Novascotia.com." Bluenose II Schooner – Lunenburg, Nova Scotia's Famous Tall Ship. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
"School Opens in Haiti in Honour of Mountie Killed in Earthquake." CTVNews. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
"Haitian Creole ." About World Languages. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
"Halifax Caribbean." Restaurants: Caribbean Restaurants in Halifax, Atlantic Canada. Web. 20 Dec. 2014.
Web. 20 Dec. 2014. <http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Haiti.pdf>.
Haiti's Influences on Atlantic Canada
Major Trends that have affected Haiti's Culture
Haiti means the "mountainous country" this name is from - the language of Taino Islands, who inhabited the island before European colonization. After independence in 1804, the name was adopted by military generals, many who were former slaves. The military generals expelled French and took possession of the colony then known as Saint Domingue. In 2000, 95 percent of the population was of African descent, and the other 5 percent was Mulatto (born from one white parent and one black parent) and white. Population from independence in 1804 was 431 140, then in 2000 an estimated 6.9- 7.2 million people.
Haiti is one of the most densely places in the world, this means it is a small country with lots of people. For most of the nations history French was the main speaking language, but the language spoken by most is Kreyol, with most people speaking Kreyol; in 1987 this was officially the primarily official language. An estimated 5-10% speak fluent French. Due to massive immigration to America, and the availability of cable TV from the US have helped replace French with English as the second language in many parts of the population.
Even to this day residents are tremendously attached to the importance of the expulsion of French in 1804, this was an event that made Haiti the first independently black-ruled nation in the world.
The earthquake that happened January 2010, also had a big impact on Haiti, 3 500 000 people were affected by the quake. 220 000 people estimated died during this incident. A lot of homes were damaged, schools collapsed, hospitals collapsed and Parliament has collapsed, stated Prime Minister Préval. This left Haitians homeless, soon other countries had to help and Haiti was known as a very poor country. Haiti did need help from lots of people. And some parts of Haiti are still recovering.
Globalization in Haiti's Culture
Haiti is an island in the Caribbean, right beside Dominican Republic. Globalization from Haiti has been very common in certain ways, in 1980 was the Haitian pigs that were a big part of Haiti's globalization. These pigs were used for peasants and were very adapted to the Haiti climate, they could also go three days without eating. Saying this when they did eat they eat waste. In 1982 international agencies assured Haiti's peasants their pigs were sick and had to be killed (so that the illness would not spread to countries to the North). They killed all the pigs in thirteen months and promised healthier pigs. When doing this it became very expensive and the rural areas in Haiti could not afford these pigs. In the end Haiti lost $600 million dollars from these pigs, Haitians are still trying to recover from this to this day.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said they received reports of AIDS among a small number of migrants from the Caribbean island of Haiti. In the media eye, AIDS has become a disease of the "four H club" standing for homosexuals, heroin addicts, haemophiliacs and Haitians. Even though there were cases of AIDS from people who wouldn't fall in those categories. Haitian Americans started to complain of stigmatisation, officials accused the CDC of racism, and Haiti suffered a serious blow to its tourism.
When the 2010 earthquake hit Haiti, orphans children from Haiti adopted in the United States with assistance from the Help Haiti Act (as of December 2010 ) were more than 1000! This means American families had to take in Haitian children, these families would have to get used to the child's life style and beliefs; same with the child adapting to an American life style. I'm sure families from Atlantic Canada adopted children too. At the same time while the earthquake happened, 122 Americans died, 16 known Canadians, and multiple peace keeping group members died. These deaths would affect people not just in Haiti, because these are fathers, mothers, sisters, brothers, family members or familiar faces you would know. And when so many people die it truly becomes a tragedy for the whole country.
Although Haiti was aware and even signed the International Convention on the rights of a Child, abuse towards Children was very common around Haiti. Many Children in Haiti are forced to work as domestic servants in middle or upper class families.
Haiti's Influence on Atlantic Canada
Haitian/Caribbean food is traditional served in Caribbean countries. However, it is now somewhat popular a type of food served in atlantic Canada. Restaurants such as Starlite cuisine, and Rani's Curry & Roti Stop, located in Halifax, NS, are just two examples of this type food being more globalized.
Many Haitian holidays are celebrated in Atlantic Canada because of same religious beliefs. A large percent of Haitians are either Roman Catholic or Protestant, with a smaller percent of them have Voodoo beliefs. Other national celebrations are related to the Independence of their country and how it came to be.
Haitian Clothing looks a lot like African clothing. It is made up of a lot of patterns that are of lots of different colors. Some immigrants from Haiti to Atlantic Canada wear traditional Haitian clothing, that make Atlantic Canada diverse, but it is not commonly seen that Atlantic Canadians wear Haitian clothing.
The Sgt. Mark Gallagher Memorial Vocational School was built on the outskirts of Port-au-Prince. This was in Honor Sgt. Gallagher; a Mountie from New Brunswick whom was killed in the 2010 Haiti earthquake. He made numerous trips to Haiti, so he could train police officers. Sgt. Gallagher was on his last trip to Haiti when this earthquake happened. Friends of Sgt. Gallagher raised money to help fund a school in Haiti. We are only talking about this family but tragedies like this happened to other Canadian families.
When the earthquake happened, Halifax International Airport Authority(HIAA) joined with the airport community to help Haiti in it's time of devastation. They donated $5000.00 to the relief support and payed for any fees involving Haitian relief flights the use Halifax Stanfield Airport.
The Bluenose is an iconic symbol of Nova Scotia, and all of Canada. It is the image of our dime, which is $0.10 Canadian. The original Bluenose was built in Luneburg's legendary Smith and Rhuland Shipyard to compete in the International Fisherman's Trophy. It has won many races. It was sold to The West Indian Trading company. Four years later it sunk because it struck a Haitian reef.
Another way Haiti has influenced Atlantic Canada is with their language, the Haitian Creole, this language has been introduced to Canada. Haitian Creole is mostly spoken in parts of Quebec.
Websites used for Project:
"Countries and Their Cultures." Culture of Haiti. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
"Omniglot - the Online Encyclopedia of Writing Systems & Languages."Haitian Creole Language, Alphabet and Pronunciation. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
"Haiti." : Maps, History, Geography, Government, Culture, Facts, Guide & Travel/Holidays/Cities. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
"History of HIV & AIDS in the U.S.A." History of HIV & AIDS in the U.S.A. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
"Haiti Earthquake Fast Facts." CNN. Cable News Network, 28 Feb. 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
News, CBC. "Canada's Dead in Haitian Earthquake." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 24 Jan. 2010. Web. 18 Dec. 2014
"Encyclopedia of the Nations." Social Development. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.