How CCTVs Were Developed

Much of the news stories these days are filled with video recordings from first-hand witnesses and CCTV footages.

Criminal acts are being recorded for proof and criminals are clearly identified and eventually caught. Thanks to CCTV, Singapore has become an even more safe and secure nation. Crime rate is already relatively low but is more so because of how reliable closed-circuit television, or CCTVs, are in video surveillance. Singapore and other Asian countries are reaping the rewards of the advancement in technology in the field of safety and security. The history of CCTV is something to be curious about and one has to wonder, how did CCTVs become so popular? How did it all start?

Early beginnings

It was in the 1940's that the very first CCTV technology was used. In 1942, Siemens AG, an international electronics company, installed the first CCTV system to monitor (but not yet able to record) the launch of V-2 rockets, missiles developed during World War II in Germany. It was Walter Bruch, a German engineer, who designed and installed this technological wonder. When the CCTV system was brought to the United States in 1949, it was sold commercially under the product name Vericon. The UK was the next to use CCTVs in public places to keep an eye on rallies and other public events. CCTV was slowly growing into popularity. The media was putting pressure on its governments, the U.S. in particular, to start using it.

Development stages

The early CCTV systems were not equipped to record events so users needed to constantly watch the screens for visual data. The need to record and save information was later on realized by the developers and the inclusion of reel-to-reel media was introduced to the system. Magnetic tapes were used to save data. In the 1970's, these tapes were replaced with VCR technology, which made recording and erasing footage easy and simple. In the 1990's, the CCTV system became more complex. Several cameras installed in different locations were able to record data all at the same time. In the 21st century, CCTV systems are being designed to accommodate internet usage, wireless capabilities, and other technological advancements.

Present-day usage

CCTV technology is continually being developed and has adapted many useful applications since its departure from being a device to observe weapons of war. Now, CCTV is an effective tool to prevent and stop crimes from happening. Video surveillance is a fixture to corporate buildings, city roads, and even residential places. It is also used in factories, especially in areas where conditions are not safe for humans to be in, to observe industrial processes. Since people cannot stand all day in the midst of a highway to monitor traffic, CCTV cameras are installed along major highways to observe traffic and discover road accidents.