Theories + Properties of Acids and Bases

Camri + Joneka

Arrhenius Acid and Base

Acid :Contains hydrogen and ionize in water forms hydrogen ions

Base:contains hydroxide ions and and dissociates in water to form hydroxide bonds

Bronsted Lowry

Acid,(proton donor) it gives hydrogen.

Base (proton acceptor), it receives hydrogen

Conjugate Base

The chemical species that remains after the acid has gave up  a proton

its called "conjugate" because it function as a acid in the reverse reaction, donating a proton to the conjugate base to reform the original base in the reaction



taste sour

turns litmus paper RED

CLEAR in phenolphthalein

often reacts with bases to produce a salt and water

they react with carbonates and bicarbonates to make CO2 (g) and H2O(l),

Acids are electrolytes in aqueous solution. they reacts with water to produce ions such as hydronium (H3O+) in water which allows acids to conduct electricity in aqueous solution


taste bitter

feel slippery to the skin

change the color of dyes (acid-base indicators)

turns litmus paper BLUE, phenolphthalein PINK

electrolytes in aqueous solution

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