Give me liberty or give me death!

Caroline Cherry, History, 3rd period, December 8th-12th, Unit 2

Top Ten

10. Nathan Hale: On September 22, 1776 Nathan Hale was killed because he fought for America. He was just an ordinary man, but before he died he said, “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” This shows that he loved his country so much that he would die for it more than once.

9. Stamp Act: On March 22, 1765, the new government put a tax on every printed piece of paper you used. The Government needed to pay off the French and Indian war.

8. Boston Massacre: On March 5, 1770, 5 innocent people died, and 6 people were injured in King Street. People used it as propaganda to turn people to a patriot.

7. Boston Tea Party: On May 10th, 1773, 116 people took part in the Boston Tea Party. The Boston Tea Party started when Britain put taxes on tea to pay off war debts.  The people did not like this so they got on a ship and started to throw boxes of tea in the river.

6. Trenton: During the winter of 1776, 2,400 troops crossed the Delaware River and surprise attacked the British army in New York. It was a huge win for the Americans.

5. Treaty Of Paris: On September 3, 1782, the treaty was signed. France decided to retreat all of their troops from America and they changed their borders.

4. Valley Forge: During the winter of 1776-1778, American Troops had one of the worst winters they have ever had. There was disease, frostbite, and starvation.  Over 2,500 soldiers died there.  The troops were about to give up, but then they got a letter about the French alliance, and they stayed strong and “reenergized” for war.

3. Yorktown: On October 19, 1781, Cornwallis surrendered. The Battle of Yorktown was the last battle. The Americans trapped all of the British troops and surrounded them.  They won the war!

2. Revolutionary War: From 1775 to 1783, the Revolutionary War was between Great Britain and America. America was fighting over their independence. Later in the war, America got help from France and won the war. America was free!

1. The first copy of the Declaration of Independence: Thomas Jefferson wrote the first copy of the Declaration of Independence in June-July 1776. It declared our independence from Great Britain.

click the plus button at the bottom of the timeline to see all of them.

George Washington.

George Washington was born on February 22, 1732 and died on december 14, 1799. He was America's first president. He won the election for president unanimously on the election of 1788-1789 and 1792. The people wanted him to be king, but he knew that they wanted to start a new country that didn't have a king or queen, but someone who the people choose every few years. So to show the people that they should have presidents and not kings and queens he wrote america the farewell address. He made many forms of government that we still use, like the cabinet system. Since his father and brother died when he was very young, he looked up to William Fairfax. William Fairfax was a politician and he encouraged the idea of becoming a surveyor and soldier to George. He decided to become a joiner soldier. He fought in the first battles of the French and Indian war. In 1775 he was elected by the continental army to be the commander-in-chief for the continental army in the american revolution. George Washington led the troops to war to yorktown, trenton, and he was with the troop during valley forge. During Yorktown George Washington led the troops to Yorktown to surprise attack Britain. He was also one of the founding fathers of the United States. He was one of the people who started the revolution to make america free.

Valley Forge

Reports say that it is going to be the coldest winters in america. American troops are making camps at Valley Forge before the snow comes. George Washington is making the soldiers build about 2,000 log cabins. One hut took around 80 logs. The cabins are going to be useful because it contained the heat in the cabin. Soldiers are saying that they are becoming crowded, and damp. The soldiers were served bread and pepper pot soup. The bread was normally old or hard. The temperature is going to get so cold, it will not even be able to snow. The snow is very limited but when there was a small layer the soldiers would melt it and use it for water. About a third of the troops had shoes and many shirts and pants had holes in them. More soldiers were getting Disease and sickness, mostly from the holes in their clothes. It is starting to spread throughout the cabins. Thousands of soldiers are already dying, and many horse have died from starvation or exhaustion from bring clothes to the soldiers. Their army supplies are starting to get very low, and it was hard to get more. One of the only good things about this is all of the men that just joined the army with no fighting experience got to practice. They are getting stronger everyday. All of the wives and children are doing the laundry, cleaned the houses, and visited the soldiers in the hospitals. They also provide emotional support and try to convince them to stay in the camp and keep training for war. The troops from Valley Forge are about to give up, but they got a letter from France saying that they would help them in the war. This news gave everyone hope and something to work for and look up to. That letter gave them “energy” to keep fighting.

Obituary on Thomas Jefferson

Beloved father, husband, friend to many, and founding father. Died on July 4th, 1826 in Charlottesville, VA. He was born in Shadwell, VA on April 13, 1743. The son of Jane Jefferson and Peter Jefferson, he wrote the Declaration of Independence, was the third president of The United States, and is the founder of the University of Virginia. He had 4 kids: 3 girls, Martha Jefferson, Mary Jefferson, Lucy Jefferson, and 1 boy; Peter Jefferson. He also has a wife, Martha Jefferson.

Recipe, Apple pie

INGREDIENTS

  • 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour, plus more for dusting
  • Pate Brisee (Pie Dough)
  • 12 Granny Smith apples, peeled, cored, and sliced
  • 3/4 cup sugar, plus additional for pie top
  • Zest and juice of 1 lemon
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons cinnamon
  • 1/2 teaspoon nutmeg
  • Pinch ground cloves
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 1 large egg, beaten

DIRECTIONS

  1. Heat oven to 375 degrees. On a lightly floured surface, roll out pate brisee into two 1/8-inch-thick circles to a diameter slightly larger than that of an 11-inch plate. Press one pastry circle into the pie plate. Place the other circle on waxed paper, and cover with plastic wrap. Chill all pastry until firm, about 30 minutes.
  2. In a large bowl, combine apples, sugar, lemon zest and juice, spices, and flour. Toss well. Spoon apples into pie pan. Dot with butter, and cover with remaining pastry circle. Cut several steam vents across top. Seal by crimping edges as desired. Brush with beaten egg, and sprinkle with additional sugar.
  3. Bake until crust is brown and juices are bubbling, about 1 hour. Let cool on wire rack before serving.

By The Numbers

5 people dead at the Boston Massacre

1 Declaration of Independence

2,500 people died in valley forge

116 people took part in the Boston Tea party

2,400 troops crossed the Delaware river

25,000 patriots died in the American Revolution

1 Constitution

1 house of Legislature

4,607 words in the Constitution

27 amendments in the Constitution

6 main ideas in the Constitution

Map

Boston Massacre

On May 5, 1770, the British Army soldiers killed 5 innocent people and injured 6. The patriots and the loyalists had been fighting for a long time. The patriots wanted the 13 Colonies in america to be independent and be free, but the loyalists were loyal to the King and they wanted to keep America. They had been fighting for a very long time because the soldiers were always loyal to the King, they fought for him and the patriots were turning against the King and they wanted the colonies to win and for them to become free. On May 5th, 1770, the soldiers and patriots got so mad at each other they started a street fight. The patriots started to throw rocks and snow at the the soldiers. The soldiers saw them as threats so they called in for backup, 8 more came. The soldiers had guns and the patriots only had what was on the ground, snow, rock, sticks, etc. The soldiers had a huge advantage. The soldiers fired into the crowd with no permission instantly killing 3 people. later 2 people died from wounds. The crowd went away since the Governor came. All of the troops were withdrawn from Castle Island. 8 soldiers, 1 officer, and 4 civilians were arrested and charged with murder. 6 soldiers were set free in the trial because the lawyer, John Adams (future American President), won the case. But the other 2 soldiers were convicted of manslaughter and had reduced sentences. Since 5 innocent people died, almost everyone sided with America and most of the people in England changed to be a patriot.

cited work

https://www.wikipedia.org/

almost Everything (stamp act, trenton, treaty of paris, valley forge, revolutionary war, declaration of independence, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Boston massacre)

http://www.bostonteapartyship.com/participants-in-the-boston-tea-party

Boston Tea Party, top ten

http://www.history.org/history/teaching/tchcrsta.cfm

Stamp act

http://www.kidport.com/reflib/usahistory/americanrevolution/TreatyParis.htm

Treaty of Paris

www.ushistory.org

I used this on almost everything (treaty of paris, valley forge, Boston tea party, George Washington)

http://www.revolutionarywararchives.org/sonsagitate.html

The sons of Liberty

http://www.marthastewart.com/344255/old-fashioned-apple-pie

pie recipe

ahttp://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/bost...

Boston Massacre

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