This shows the Mesopotamia cities they would have. Ur was one of the earliest and largest cities of ancient Mesopotamia. This great trading center and port was home to roughly 30,000 people. Located on the Euphrates River near the Persian Gulf, Ur carried on a rich trade with merchants from a distant lands like India .Most of the city was filled with a maze of homes and shops. It also had a Giant temple dedicated to the moon god Nanna and his wife Ningal dominated the city. The farmers grew crops like wheat and barley outside the city's walls, the walls where massive to protect them from being attacked, to keep them safe from any harm that could approach them. Inside the city's walls was another canal and a large harbor, where foreigners docked their boats while they traded with Ur's merchants, but the Canals connected Ur to the nearby Euphrates River so they would have a place for water.
The invention of the wheel was actually invented at a relative late point in human history. The oldest known wheel found in archaeological is from Mesopotamia and dates to around 3,500 BC. One of the reasons it was invented was that tools where needed. It became used for many types of different types of things for them and the people today. The earliest wheels seem to believe to be made from pottery. The wheel was used for many good things, but also wasn't because it made camels less useful to a bunch of people.
This maps shows the Areas, cities, and the border of Mesopotamia. They didn't have much cities because they would build walls around them to keep them safe from anyone or anything. They had many people in charge, they had empires, priest,scribes, soldiers and more. Polytheism was big back then it was the worship of many gods. Tones of people would believe that religion, but also some of them didn't. They would be put in social hierarchy and that was the division of society by rank of class.They would use a bull to make a lot of art with them also gold, wood, and stone they used a lot to to create things.