Yemeni Civil War
By Justin Mi
AL-BUKHAITI TO THE YEMEN TIMES: “THE HOUTHIS’ TAKEOVER CAN NOT BE CALLED AN INVASION”
In the article, the Yemen Times sat down with Hussein Al-Bukhaiti, an activist who is familiar with the inner workings of Houthi, an Islamic group in Yemen. The group takes its name from Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi, a religious leader who was killed by Yemeni forces in 2004. Houthis are fighting "for things that all Yemenis crave: government accountability, the end to corruption, regular utilities, fair fuel prices, job opportunities for ordinary Yemenis and the end of Western influence."
Who are the main opponents?
The war is being fought between forces loyal to the current president of Yemen and belligerent Houthi force s loyal to the former president.
Who else is involved?
Many countries and organizations are involved in this conflict. Notable ones include Al-Qaeda, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Saudi Arabia, and the United States.
How is this war being conducted?
The war is mostly fought with tribal and regional fighters. The Yemeni forces also have warplanes, warships, and other equipment due to its assistors.
Cause of the war
The war the sparked by the assassination or murder of Islamic religious leader Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi. The Yemeni government alleged that the Houthis were seeking to overthrow it and to implement Zaidi religious law. The rebels countered that they were "defending their community against discrimination" and government aggression.
Attempts to solve the problem non-violently
Multiple calls for cease-fires have been made, from Red Cross to major countries like China and Russia. The cease-fires help relieve some tension, but they do not ultimately solve the problem.
The United Nations Security Council has expressed concern for the citizens caught in the cross-fire, but they have not employed anything substantial besides sanctions.
Is this conflict a Just War?
1. Just Cause
This is not a war of self-defense. The war is for ideologies.
2. Legitimate Authority
The Houthis do not have legitimate authority, because their leader is not a president of a nation.
3. Right Intention
The Houthis are fighting for some just causes, so they do have some right intentions. However, they are also seeking revenge for killing their religious leader.
4. Last Resort
I think there is room for negotiation, so war is not a last resort.
5. Probability of success
The Houthis do not have much of a chance to win the war. They are smaller, and Yemen is actually a legitimate nation, which connections.
6. Comparative Justice
The issues at hand do not justify killing.
7. Noncombatant Immunity
People are caught in the crossfire, so this criteria is not met.
If this succeeds, there should be net gains, but with the Middle East in such upheaval in the past several decades, success is not certain.
Conclusion: NOT a Just War
Al-Karimi, Khalid. "Al-Bukhaiti to the Yemen Times:." Yemen Times. N.p., 21 Oct. 2014. Web. 01 May 2015.