Textbook pages 640-642

TB pg. 640

Metaphors -A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.

Personification -The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.

Simile -A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid.

Alliteration -The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Repetition -The action of repeating something that has already been said or written.

Assonance -In poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in non rhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible.

Consonance -Agreement or compatibility between opinions or actions.

Onomatopoeia -The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named.

Rhyme -A correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, esp. when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.

Rhythm -A strong, regular, repeated pattern of movement or sound.

TB pg. 641

Lines -A long, narrow mark or band.

Stanzas -A group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem

Meter -In nouns denoting lines of poetry with a specified number of feet or measures.

Rhyme Scheme -The ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.

TB pg. 642

Lyric Poetry -Lyric poems typically express personal or emotional feelings and are traditionally the home of the present tense. They have specific rhyming schemes and are often, but not always, set to music or a beat.

Sonnets -a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.

Odes -a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter.

Elegies -a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.

Narrative Poetry -Tells a story, often making use of the voices of a narrator and characters as well; the entire story is usually written in metered verse. The poems that make up this genre may be short or long, and the story it relates to may be complex.

Epics -a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation.

Ballads -a poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas.

Free Verse Poetry -Blank verse is a literary device defined as unrhyming verse written in iambic pentameter.

Limericks -a humorous, frequently bawdy, verse of three long and two short lines rhyming aabba

Concrete Poem -poetry is a type of poetry that uses some sort of visual presentation to enhance the effect of the poem on the reader.

Haiku's -a Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five, traditionally evoking images of the natural world.