The Muslim Empire
How it spread
- Origins: Out of Mecca, East to India, West across N"orth Africa, and on into Spain.
- Battle of Tours (732 A.D.): Was a battle in southern France where the French Christians, led by Charels "The Hammer" Martel stopped the Muslim advance into Europe.
- Growth: To spread Islam to other people
- Military Conquest- it took only around 100 years to expand most of their Empire.
-They were great fighters, believed that if they died in battle, thier soul would go straight to heaven.
-They treated their conquered people fairly; better than previous rulers.
Golden Age: (700-900 A.D.):a time of great learning and cultual diffusion.
Contributions to our society!
Mathematics: spread Gupta math ideas and created algebra and triginometry.
Medicine: Hospitals, medical textbooks, and the requirement for doctors to pass an exam before they were allowed to practice.
Architecture: very influenced by Byzantine and Indian styles.
Astronomy: learned from the Greek ideas, studied the starts and created astronomical tables.
Islamic Law: Was based on the Islamic religious laws of the Koran and became the basis for political laws in the empire.
Banking: used money and allowed credit or money borrowing to be used.
Preservers of Greek and Roman culture: Preserved the Greek and Roman ideas they obtained from contact with the Byzantine Empire. Not only did the Muslim Empire preserve these ideas, they improved upon them.
The Muslim Empire became the most influential on European cultures. Why?
Well the answer is simple, their geographic nearness to Europe made them the most influential. They were centrally located among the exsisting empires. They also shared ideas, therefore obtaining ideas in return with other European cultures. Their trade, and the Crusades also had an effect on the Muslim Empire becoming the most influential in Europe.