"You miss 100% of the shots you don't take" - Wayne Gretzky
Although this quote was not specific to the Civil Rights Movement, it can most definitely be applied.
This quote relates to the Movement because if the blacks never tried to obtain equal rights nothing would have changed and they never would have gotten rights.
The word "shots" in this quote can mean many things. It could mean taking a shot in basketball or it could mean trying to change something you believe in.
Wayne Gretzky was most likely talking about taking a shot in hockey, but that does not mean it cannot be applied in a different context.
The purpose of this quote is to inspire people to make an attempt at whatever it is you want, even if the odds are against you.
This quote is important because it teaches you that if you want to be successful or you want to create change, you need to put in effort.