Sri Lankan Civil War
Sri Lanka Overview:
Sri Lanka has been experiencing ethnic conflict since its inception in 1948, when it became independent of the British. The two main opponents fighting in the war were the LTTE or the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and the Sri Lankan Government. India was the only country that directly intervened but the United States, Canada, India, Australia, and the European Union have labeled the LTTE as a terrorist organization. The Sri Lankan Civil War has been a very bloody war child soldier use, suicide bombers, violations of human rights, abduction, as well as extortion have been commonplace.
The main opponents are the Sri Lankan Government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
Yes, The United States, Canada, India, Australia, and the European Union have labeled the LTTE a terrorist organization.
Both sides have been accused of using child soldiers as well as, violations of human right, abduction, and extortion, suicide bombing.
The cause of the conflict stems from Sri Lanka's independence. The main ethnic population of Sri Lanka is the Sinhalese which makes up 82% of the population. The second largest population are the Tamils who make up 9.4% lastly the Sri Lanka Moor makeup 7.9%. After gaining independence the Sinhalese who did not like the British due to their favoritism towards the Tamils disenfranchised many Tamil plantation workers from India as well as making Sinhala the official language. In 1976 Velupillai Prabhakaran helped to create the LTTE. The LTTE's main goal was to campaign for the lands of northern and eastern Sri Lanka where the greatest number of Tamils live. However, the true start to the conflict started in 1983 when the LTTE ambushed a Sri Lankan Army convoy. This resulted in the deaths of thirteen soldiers which led to riots where 2,500 Tamils perished.
In order to try and make peace, India, which has a large Tamil population launched a peacekeeping force in 1987, however, it left in 1990 despite the increased violence. The United States, although they did not involve themselves directly in combat, placed the LTTE on its terror list in 1997. A cease-fire treaty was created by Norway in 2002 between the LTTE as well as the Sri Lankan government. However, the 2004 is believed to have been one of the main causes the cease fire ceased. The death toll from the Tsunami was close to 30,000 people.
Links and Citations:
Bajoria, Jayshree. "The Sri Lankan Conflict." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 18 May 2009. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.