The Taxonomy of a chimpanzee
by: Michaela Nelms
What is taxonomy?
Taxonomy is the study of classifying organisms. The 7 levels of taxon are Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species.
Taxonomy of a chimpanzee
Kingdom: Animalia- Chimpanzee has very long arms, an there body is short. there mostly covered with black hair. baby chimpanzees have very pale ski in the areas with no hair and a white tuft of hair on the rump.
Phylum: Chordata- A chimpanzee's skeletal muscle has significantly longer fibers than those in humans and can generate twice the force.
Class: Mammalia- Chimpanzees have a slight brow ridge, small nostrils, large ears, an a elongated snout. there hands are very much like ours, they have four long fingers plus a thumb. Male chimpanzees are larger than the female. (Female: 2-3.5 ft- Male: 3-4 ft.)
Order: primates- Chimpanzees live in a wide variety of habitats, including tropical rain forests, woodlands, swamp forests, and grasslands in western Africa. chimpanzees are omnivores they feed on plants and meats such as eating leaves, fruit, seeds, tree bark, plant bulbs, tender plant shoots, and flowers. They also eat termites, ants, and small animals . also known for eating smaller monkeys..
Family: hominidae- The chimpanzee is closest to people genetically, people an chimps have very similar DNA ( about 98% of human and chimpanzee DNA is identical. Chimpanzees used to live in 25 countries throughout tropical areas in Africa.
Genus: Pan- chimpanzees used vocalizations as a way of communicating. They are very good at showing there expressions, very similar to us. Chimpanzees, sometimes colloquially chimps, are two extant hominid species of apes in the genus Pan.
Species: Troglodytes- The male chimpanzees are known for hunting red colobus monkeys and eating part of the monkey they sometimes share the rest with the females who didn't participate in the hunt.
where is a chimpanzee found?
Interesting facts about a champanzee
Chimpanzees live about 60 years in captivity, their life in the wild is only about 35-40 years. Chimpanzees are fully grown and able to reproduce at 12-13 years old. Female chimpanzees are pregnant for about 8.5-9 months and usually have a single baby at a time, twins are rare. Young chimpanzees stay with their mother for about 7 years.
Chimpanzees are social animals that are active during the day. They live in small, stable groups of about 40-60 individuals. Younger groups of 6-7 chimps stay together for a while. Chimpanzee populations are decreasing, they are threatened with extinction because of habitat destruction.
Chimpanzees communicate with each other through, gestures, body postures and facial expressions. They can communicate with each other even over long distances with loud calls called pant-hoots, or by drumming the buttresses of trees. They say hello to each other by panting, grunting occurs when they become uncomfortable and flicking their wrists at the one who has offended them, stand their hair up on end when they are nervous, and scream when they are angry and upset.
Chimpanzees make and use tools, such as stones to crack nuts, twigs to probe for insects or honey, spears to hunt small mammals, and wads of crumbled leaves to sponge drinking water from places hard to reach.