Marxist Theory

By:Ashley, Layne, Colton

We applied the Marxist Theory to "A Rose For Emily" by William Faulkner. We believe that Miss Emily and her possessions are a direct representation of how the social structure of the South changed after the Civil War and Reconstruction.

Miss Emily is a representation of the class system prior to the 1930s. Her economic status is very important to her as she continues to practice old frivolous things such as china painting (which at the time it was popular was only important to those of a higher class). Despite the change in society, Miss Emily continued to try to preserve her social class. She continues to have a servant, and African American man named "Tobe" who represented the high social class that Miss Emily had during the "Old South". The town also thought of her as a representation of higher social class when they referred to her as "a tradition, a duty, and a care".

Her house was described as, "squarish frame house that had once been white, decorated with cupolas and spires and scrolled balconies in the heavily lightsome style of the seventies, set on what had once been our most select street". From this description we know that the house was once a beautiful home on a popular street but it is slowly deteriorating. Miss Emily's house was a martyr for the Old South just like Miss Emily was as well and both are deteriorating over the years just like her social status has since the Civil War ended and Reconstruction began.

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