Battle of Brown's Mill
By: Maggee Chang
The Battle of Brown's Mill was a mission of the Union to cut railroad communication and supply with Atlanta. In addition, the purpose of the battle was also to create chaos behind Confederate lines in order to free 30,000 Union prisoners.
The Battle of Brown's Mill lasted from July 30, 1864 - July 31, 1864
- July 26, 1864: Federal Brigadier General Edward M. McCook was ordered to eliminate railroad communications between West Point(between Atlanta and Columbus) and Macon.
- July 27, 1864: Federal Brigadier General Edward M. McCook left borders, planning to meet General George Stoneman at Lovejoy.
- July 29, 1864:
1) McCook and 2,400 troops have already crossed the Chattahoochee River at Smith's Ferry, and cut Atlanta and West Point(Palmetto)- capturing/burning 1,000 Confederate wagons of a supply train at Fayetteville. Stoneman failed to meet McCook at Lovejoy.
2) McCook battled in a skirmish with troops of Brigadier Generals W.H. Jackson and Lawrence Ross, forcing a retreat west; also having Confederate Major General Joseph Wheeler and his hundreds of cavalry follow McCook and his men.
- July 30, 1864: Battle of Brown's Mill fighting started in early morning.
Many important people have contributed to the history of the Battle of Brown's Mill.
Major General William T. Sherman (1820 - 1891)
Because of the Battle of Brown's Mill, General William T. Sherman was forced to think of new strategies for his Atlanta campaigns. However, he was not physically involved in the battle itself.
1) Sherman was a soldier, businessman, educator, and author.
2) He had an impressive military performance/strategy mindset.
Major General Edward M. McCook (1883 - 1909)
McCook led the Union troops to the Battle of Brown's Mill.
1) McCook was in a known-military family called the "Fighting McCooks."
2) During the battle, he lost 950 men, 1,200 horses/artillery/ambulances.
General George Stoneman (1822 - 1894)
Stoneman was supposed to meet McCook, but while trying to capture the Confederate prison at Andersonville, he was captured at Clinton.
1) Stoneman spent 3 months in Confederate prison.
2) He was captured at Clinton while trying to free Union prisoners.
William Hicks Jackson (1835 - 1903)
Jackson partnered with General Lawrence Ross to defeat McCook. The Confederates succeeded.
1) After the war, he became a farmer and managed his father's plantation.
2) Living in Nashville, Tennessee, he created a thoroughbred nursery in his plantation: Belle Mead.
Events leading up to and after the Battle impacted the Civil War.
- McCook was given orders to eliminate railroad communications between West Point and Macon.
- After the mission was finished, McCook moved to the Chattahoochee River(towards Newnan)
- The Battle of Brown's Mill took place in Coweta County.
The Ending Result.
The Confederates won the Battle of Brown's Mill.
The Union failed to liberate all 30,000 Union prisoners from a Confederate prisons.