Civil Rights Timeline

Brown vs. Board of Education~ (1954)

A. Was a landmark U.S. supreme court case which is declared laws in public schools for black and white students to become unconstitutional.

B. Oliver Brown and his daughter, Linda.

C. Segregation of students in public schools violates the 14th amendment.

Montgomery~ (1954-1956)

A- African Americans had to sit in the back of the bus and give up seats to white people

B- Rosa Parks and Civil Rights Activists

C- It is a event that helped, The Civil Rights Movement, get noticed.

Integration of Central High School ~ (1957)

A. Nine black students enter an all white school. 3 weeks before, Arkansas governor had the school surrounded by National Guard troops.

B. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Governor Orval Faubas.

C. Nine students were denied entrance, just because it was a white school.

First Lunch-Counter Sit-In~ (1960)

A. Non-violent protests which led to the Woolworth department store chain taking away the policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States.

B. David Richmond, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr., and Joseph McNeil.

C. It helped put an end to segregation against African Americans.

Black Students and Civil Rights Workers sit in white section of bus~ (1961)

A. Civil Rights Activists who rode interstate buses into the Segregated Southern United States.

B. Civil Rights Activists.

C. It helped put an end to Segregation against African Americans.

Integration of the University of Mississippi~ (1962)

A. James Meredith applied to the University and got rejected.

B. James Howard Meredith.

C. It helped put an end to Segregation against African Americans.

March of Washington~ (1963)

A. More than 200,000 Americans came in Washington, D.C., for a political rally known as The March of Washington, for jobs and freedom.

B. Martin Luther King and A. Philip Randolph.

C. Credited in helping pass the Civil Rights Act.

Murder of NAACP Leader:
Medgar Evers~ (1963)

A. Medgar Evers was shot by white supremacist, Byron De La Beckwith

B. Medgar Evers and Byron De La Beckwith

C. It shows more segregation against African Americans

Campaign to Desegregate City; Four girls killed in bombing of church~ (1963)

A. Four girls were killed in bombing of African American, 16th Street Baptist Church after four members of the Ku Klux Klan, put at least 15 sticks of dynamite in the church.

B. Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson and Carol Denise McNair

C. The Ku Klux Klan killed 4 girls only because they were African American, which leads to Segregation, also.

Murder of Three Civil Rights Workers~ (1964)

A.  Shot at close range by members of the Ku Klux Klan

B. James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner.

C. The members of the Civil Rights Activist were killed because they were African American, which again leads to segregation.

Desegregation Campaign: Collusion of city police and KKK exposed~ (1964)

A. campaign of nonviolent direct action culminated in widely publicized confrontations between young black students and and white civic authorities, to change the city's discrimination laws.

B. Martin Luther King, Jr., James Bevel, Fred Shuttlesworth and others.

C. Helped stop discrimination between African Americans and white people.

March for voting rights to Montgomery~ (1965)

A. Walked the 54-mile highway from Selma to the Alabama state capital of Montgomery as showing the desire of African American citizens to exercise their constitutional right to vote, in defiance of segregationist repression.

B. Civil Rights Activist.

C. Lead to Voting Rights in 1965.

Murder of Martin Luther King Jr.~ (1968)

A. Assassinated by James Earl Ray at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis..

B. Martin Luther King Jr. and James Earl Ray.

C.  Segregation against African Americans.

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