What it is- Meningococcal disease refers to any illness that is caused by Neisseria meningitidis bacteria. The two most severe and common illnesses caused by this bacteria include infections of the fluid and lining around the brain and spinal cord.
Signs and Symptoms-
Ages- The meningococcal conjugate vaccine is recommended at 11-12 years of age and a booster dose at age 16.
How it is spread-Meningococcal disease is contagious. It is spread through the exchange of respiratory secretions during close contact such as kissing or coughing on someone.
Where it started-
- The extended meningitis belt of sub-Saharan Africa, stretching from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east (26 countries), has the highest rates of the disease.