The Sleep Station
By: Garrett L.

Have you ever visited the sleep station? Of course you have, you go
there every night or day that you sleep. Let’s go through three parts of this
station. How often do you dream or how often should you dream? Do you have a
routine that you do before you go to bed each night? Is the 4th
stage of sleep really the fourth stage? You won’t know unless you read more. Enjoy
the ride.


  In REM
sleep your eyes dart around. This is where REM gets its name, Rapid Eye
Movement. Also, you are paralyzed in REM sleep. In this stage of sleep you act awake
but can’t move. It’s kind of like when you’re running; your heart and breathing
speed up. REM sleep is the only stage of sleep that you aren't calm. Most
people dream for an hour a night. You almost always dream about something unnormal
in REM sleep. Although, when you dream in a stage besides REM you sometimes
remember it in black and white even though you dreamed it in color. Unless you
are scared or startled during your dream in REM sleep you lie perfectly still.


   Some people think they know what dreams mean. There are five things
they think the dream can mean. If you are falling you might be worried about
failing, maybe in school. If you are flying in a dream it means you feel
confident. If you are naked in a dream you might be lacking self-confidence. In
dreams kings and queens might represent your parents. Finally, a road or path
could represent your journey through life.

   The only way dreams affect you are
when you not in your bed is sleep walking. Three out of twenty kids sleepwalk
at least once.  What is the why behind
dreams? Nobody knows why we dream. Do you? Whether you do or you don’t here are
three fun facts. An Australian hedgehog, named Echidna, has no REM sleep and
may not even dream. One theory of why we dream is a form of exercise to help
the brain develop.

How to Sleep Well


   It’s harder to fall asleep in a
different bed then the one you normally sleep in. If you change your sleeping
position you’ll have a harder time sleeping than usual. Also, you should do the
same routine before bed every day.
The older you are the less sleep you need except on one occasion. Teens
need more sleep than eleven year olds do. Now let’s go up by age.  

When you are just one
week old you need at least 16 hours of sleep to sleep well.

When you’re one year
old you need at least 12 hours of sleep to sleep well.

When you’re five
years old you need at least 10 hours of sleep to sleep well.

When you’re seven
years old you need at least 9 hours of sleep to sleep well.

When you’re eleven
years old you need at least 8 hours of sleep to sleep well.

When you’re 13 – 19
years old you need at least 9 hours of sleep to sleep well.

At the age of 20
years old or older you need at least 7 hours of sleep to sleep well.

Albert Einstein said
he was at his best when he slept for 10 hours.

If you’re an animal person you’ll like this paragraph. Giraffes &
elephants need just three hours of sleep. Pet cats need 16 hours of sleep! But,
bats need 20 hours of sleep. 20! While bats sleep upside down, lions sleep on
their back. Leopards though, sleep in a tree while straddling a branch.
gorillas who know sign language make signs in their sleep!

Here are a few fun facts. If you try sitting up to sleep your brain
won’t let you fully relax because you would fall and hurt yourself. In 1965 a
high school kid in San Diego named Randy Gardner was awake for 11 days to set a
world record. Leonardo Da Vinci slept 15 minutes for every four hours awake,
that’s only 90 minutes per day!!! He only did this though when trying to finish
a project.

Stages of Sleep


There are five stages of sleep 1, 2
REM, 3, & 4. You go through all five stages three times a night. Stage one
is the first stage of sleep along with the sixth and eleventh stage of sleep.
While in stage one if you wake up you’d say you didn't fall asleep when you
actually did. Stage one is often called light sleep. You stay in stage one for
just a few minutes. Now let’s fade into stage two like when you’re sleeping.

Stage two is the second, seventh,
& twelfth stage of sleep of sleep. Stage two is also light sleep. In stage
two your brain waves are a little larger yet slower. You stay in stage two for
about an hour. Now move your eyes quickly as we go in to REM sleep.


REM sleep is the third, eighth, & thirteenth stage of sleep (more
info in paragraph 2). Now you are getting very sleepy and are falling into
stage three, the first stage of deep sleep. Stage three is the fourth stage of
sleep not the third. It is also the ninth & fourteenth stage of sleep. Your
body is relaxed in stage 3. Your body is difficult to wake up in stage three.
You go into stage four after about two hours of stage three.

four is the fifth, tenth, & final stage of sleep. Just like in stage three stages
four is deep sleep. Also, your body is relaxed in stage four. Your body is hard
to wake up in stage 4.

Here are two fun facts. Your brain can wake you up because
it doesn’t want to sleep and Bull frogs don’t sleep at all!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


In conclusion, dreams, how to sleep
well, and the sleep cycle are just a few parts of the sleep station. These three
parts of the sleep station might be the most important parts. Other areas of
sleep that you may want to explore include: sleep disorders and your biological
clock. Sleep is fascinating; have fun exploring more of the sleep station.  


Geographic national. "Cycles, the Mystery of Sleep, & Dreaming
Brains." Your

  Brain 28 Jan. 2013: n. pag.

Kids Discover.
"Sleeping Duty." Brain 11 Jan. 2007: 14-15. Print.

Remanek, Trudee.
ZZZ... Canada: Kids Can 2002. Print.

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