Part 1
Sections 1 &2

In the post World War III era, a man named Winston wants to escape the communistic society in Oceana, the country where he lives. Winston has bought himself an old journal and writes down what he feels might be important to the future, and his writing is his escape from the mindless society of which he is a part. When Winston does write in this journal, he has to be sure to be out of the sight line of his television, which serves as a security camera to the officials, who would eliminate him if they knew that he was thinking for himself. Winston hopes that there are others like him who also wish to be part of the Brotherhood (a community that praises free thought and expression) rather than under the rule of Big Brother, but questions whether he is the only one.

“You had to live— did live, from habit that became instinct— in the assumption that every sound you made was overheard, and, except in darkness, every movement scrutinised" (Orwell 12-13).

What are the Youth League and the Spies?
Why is it important for Big Brother to be supported and loved by the children in Oceana?

Learning Station 3

Time 3:12:1983 BB day order doubleplusungood refs unpersons. Plusrewrite submit plusparty antifile.

Part 1
Sections 3-6

The social system affects citizens by causing them to become indulgent to the whims of Big Brother by not ruminating about what is going on around them. The callous citizens have been taught to turn in anyone who has misspoken about Big Brother. The social system which has caused these people to become blind to violence and a lack of knowledge of their past was created through the fear of the inner party members. These inner party members are afraid of losing their power, so they make themselves and their leader, Big Brother, always correct and perfect by changing the past in a clandestine way. These changes make the citizens love Big Brother, especially the children, who are willing to turn in even their own parents to be called a "child hero." The citizens of Oceana do not know how to think for themselves, especially during the Two Minutes Hate, where all of the citizens are overwhelmed with a murderous desire. These people do not realize that their past is being changed and rewritten and that Big Brother will viciously quell anyone who disagrees with his opinions or brings up a now changed situation. Even when the inner and outer party people realize that people are being taken away, they do not care because most of these people who are being "disappeared" are proles aind are unimportant to their lives.

Sections 7 & 8

1. Why does hope for a revolution only in the proles?

2. What are Winston's hopes in talking to the two old men?

3. Who did Winston see that were what he thought to be the remainder of the people left from before the Revolution and what was their significance?

Answer to #1: The hope for a revolution “must lie in the proles, because only there, in those swarming disregarded masses, 85 per cent of the population of Oceania, could the force to destroy the Party ever be generated" (Orwell 2-4). Winston believes that the only way that a revolution could occur in Oceana would be if the proles used their strength in numbers to overthrow the party. Due to the fact that the party members make up only fifteen percent of the population, the proles could, if united, overthrow Big Brother. Oceana could also only be overthrown by the proles because unlike Oceana's other enemies, the proles could more easily unite and destroy the party.

Part. 2
Sections 1-3

     Julia and Winston's relationship symbolizes rebellion. Their relationship symbolizes this because it defies the very laws, values, and hopes that the Party has for couples. The Party's laws only allow married couples to have intercourse. Julia and Winston are defying this law because they are not, by any stretch of the imagination, married, and still have intercourse. In addition to the law of abstinence until marriage, Julia (and Winston) rebels against the Party's "Anti Sex League" by pretending to be a part of it and then, by being a seemingly perfect Party member, she slips off and has sex with numerous men, including —but not limited to— Winston. Not only does Winston and Julia's relationship go against the laws and values of the Party, they also enjoy their sexual activities, which again takes away from the Party wanting people to have intercourse only to create new Party members, not for pleasure. Julia and Winston's relationship defies the Party's laws against sex before marriage, the values of the Anti Sex League, and the lack of pleasure the Party wants people to experience during sex.

Part 2
Section 4

“The paperweight was the room he was in, and the coral was Julia’s life and his own, fixed in a sort of eternity at the heart of the crystal" (Orwell 160).

Part 2
Section 5

“The room was a world, a pocket of the past where extinct animals could walk" (Orwell 164).

Part 2
Section 6

“By sharing a small act of thoughtcrime he had turned the two of them into accomplices" (Orwell 172).

Part 2
Section 7

"'If they could make me stop loving you—that would be the real betrayal'" (Orwell 180).

Part 2
Section 8

“Within thirty seconds, it occurred to him, O’Brien would be back at his interrupted and important work on behalf of the Party" (Orwell 193).

Big Brother Propaganda Poster

I chose the quote "Independence is captivity" becuase it represents the Party's idea that people become slaves to independent thoughts. "Independence is captivity" means that when a person thinks independently or tries to branch out on his own, he will either imprison himself in his own thoughts, words, and actions or the thought police will find out about his thoughtcrime and jail him. I selected the image of the jail cell to represent a person guilty of thoughtcrime, becuase independent thoughts (thoughtcrime) will hold one captive or be responsible for one's capture. I also picked the image of Big Brother to signify his importance in the control of the people's thoughts.

Response to Article

The article “Lies My History Teacher Taught Me: Everything Your American History Textbooks Got Wrong" is closely related to the character Winston's work in 1984. Much like Winston, whose duty it is to rewrite past news, Professor Loewen also worked to rewite the way that American history was imagined. Loewen, much like Big Brother in 1984, saw that the description of past events did not match what actually happened. From this realization arose a desire for Loewen to dedicate two years of his life to create a revised history book that accurately described how historical events occurred, rather than painting America's role as a white gentleman who with some error manages to right everything. Loewen's history book represents America in an accurate manner, instead of a nearly perfect hero. Loewen's model abolished the racist ideologies of past history books, making it an accurate representation of American history, which included the less popular times, such as a realistic interpretation of history.

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